Using Git and the GitHub Repository
The FreeCAD system is programmed, tested and documented by numerous people spread around the world. A commercial hosting service called GitHub is used to contain all the working and archive source code and test data for the project. Additionally it holds all the changes and version history for the source code and data. A separate website is used for discussion forums and a documentation Wiki. GitHub is based on the Git system which is a distributed revision control system and is free software under the GNU General Public License. (Git documentation, which GitHub uses, is available here) The GitHub allows persons involved with the FreeCAD project to work independently and coordinate documents (e.g. code, data) through GitHub as needed. New versions of FreeCAD are generated using GitHub and bugs are identified and rectified using GitHub. GitHub provides the following services for the FreeCAD project:
- distributed revision control
- source code management
- a command-line tool
- web-based graphical interface via the desktop
- access control
FreeCAD uses GitHub in two main areas:
- source code management and system build
- storage and revision control of data files
These 2 related but separate areas are covered in the two following sections.
Setting up Git and GitHub
Getting a GitHub Signon ID
The FreeCAD repositories are located on the GitHub servers and each GitHub user must have a User ID so the first thing is to get set up. Go to www.github.com where you will supply the usual:
- User Name
- contact email account
Select the the plan that suits your needs, the Free account (0$ per month for 0 private repositories) is sufficient for working with the FreeCAD repositories.
You are now ready to set up access to GitHub. 1.2 Selecting the Git Software
FreeCAD uses the GitHub servers, there are two options to interact with them:
GitHub offers 2 desktop apps which have GUI interfaces: GitHub on Mac GitHub on Windows there doesn't appear to be one for Ubuntu and Fedora but there are a number of 3rd party GUIs for Git Git protocol which is command line mode
This page will only document the command line mode as the GUI apps come with their own documentation and are specific to the platform. 1.3 Installing the Git Software
For the 3 platforms:
go to Source Forge and download the .DMG file Create a folder that will hold the Git install image and later the Git repositories. Double-click the DMG file (which will be in the Downloads folder), Once it is mounted open it in a Finder window and copy the contents to the folder you created. Double-click the package (ends in .PKG) to install GIT. This will install git to /usr/local/git. Root access is required. It will ask for an administrator account and password.
Git should now be installed and operational. You can now start using it as described in the next section. If you want to check it simply type git and the system will list the git summary of commands.
Ubuntu & Fedora Installation
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Using Git and GitHub With Files
go to the GitHub home page and sign in create a new repository on GitHub as outlined here click on the plus sign ("+") on any page give your repository a name a description always helps set your repository as public/private Note: if you are on the free (i.e. pay no money plan) then you can only create a Public repository do not check the box or select the 2 menus to create any of the optional items (e.g. README, license, .gitignore) as they may conflict later cause a conflict click Create Repository leave this webpage open as it will be needed in the next step upload your files to your newly created repository as outlined here open up the Terminal application change your working directory to the folder holding your file: cd ~/Desktop/myFirstRepository intialise the directory as a local Git repository: git init add the files in your new (on disk) repository git add . notice that there is a space and a period fallowing the command now commit them to the GitHub repository with a descriptive comment git commit -m 'First commit of my files to my repository' your files are now copied to the GitHub repository and put under version control. return to the webpage from the previous step, click on the icon to copy the URL of your repository on the GitHub server, the URL will be of the form: https://github.com/yourUserID/myFirstRepository.git you can also copy this URL by normal means in the Terminal application enter: git remote add origin https://github.com/yourUserID/myFirstRepository.git which will designate the central version of the repository on the GitHub server as the master copy (i.e. the origin) still in the Terminal enter: git push origin master this will copy the changes from your local on-disk repository to the central master copy located on the GitHub server. you will be asked for your GitHub User ID and password. your new repository is now fully created on the GitHub server adding files to the repository move or copy the new files that you wish to add to the Git repository directory on your local disk: (~/Desktop/myFirstRepository in the example above) in the Terminal application set your working directory the local repository: cd ~/Desktop/myFirstRepository enter: git add yourNewFile1.jpg git add yourNewFile2.txt this will add the 2 files to your local Git repository as with the previous example, now commit them to the GitHub repository with a descriptive comment git commit -m 'adding 2 new files to fill in the gaps' your files are now copied to the GitHub repository and put under version control. and finally copy the files from your local repository to the central one: git push your 2 new files are now both in your local repository as well as propagated to the central repository on GitHub making changes to files in the repository