Difference between revisions of "Draft Circle"

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{{GuiCommand|Name=Draft_Circle|Workbenches=[[Draft Module|Draft]]|MenuLocation=Draft -> Circle}}
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<languages/>
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<translate>
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<!--T:18-->
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{{Docnav|[[Draft_Fillet|Fillet]]|[[Draft_Arc|Arc]]|[[Draft_Module|Draft]]|IconL=Draft_Fillet.svg |IconC=Workbench_Draft.svg|IconR=Draft_Arc.svg}}
  
====Description====
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<!--T:1-->
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{{GuiCommand
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|Name=Draft Circle
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|MenuLocation=Draft → Circle
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|Workbenches=[[Draft Module|Draft]], [[Arch Module|Arch]]
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|Shortcut=C I
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|SeeAlso=[[Draft Arc|Draft Arc]], [[Draft Ellipse|Draft Ellipse]]<br/>[[Macro_CirclePlus|Macro CirclePlus]]
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|Version=0.7
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}}
  
This tool draws a circle by asking for two points, the center and the radius.
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==Description== <!--T:2-->
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The Circle tool creates a circle in the current [[Draft SelectPlane|work plane]] by entering two points, the center and the radius, or by picking tangents, or any combination of those. It uses the [[Draft Linestyle|Draft Linestyle]] set on the [[Draft Tray|Draft Tray]].
  
[[Image:Draft_Circle_example.jpg]]
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<!--T:11-->
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This tool works the same way as the [[Draft Arc|Draft Arc]] tool, except that it creates a full circumference. To draw an ellipse use [[Draft Ellipse|Draft Ellipse]].
  
====Usage====
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</translate>
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[[Image:Draft_Circle_example.jpg|400px]]
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<translate>
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<!--T:3-->
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{{Caption|Circle defined by two points}}
  
* Picking a point on an empty area of the 3d view, or on an existing object.
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==How to use== <!--T:4-->
* Pressing {{KEY|CTRL}} will [[Draft_Snap|snap]] your point to availible snap locations.
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# Press the {{Button|[[Image:Draft Circle.png|16px]] [[Draft Circle|Draft Circle]]}} button, or press {{KEY|C}} then {{KEY|I}} keys.
* Pressing {{KEY|SHIFT}} [[Draft_Constrain|constrains]] your movement.
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# Click a first point on the 3D view, or type a [[Draft_Coordinates|coordinate]] and press the {{Button|[[Image:Draft_AddPoint.svg|16px]] [[Draft_AddPoint|add point]]}} button.
* Enter numbers to [[Draft_Coordinates|manually insert a coordinate]].
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# Click a second point on the 3D view, or enter a radius value.
* Pressing {{KEY|ESC}} cancels the function.
 
* The newly created line will take the current [[Draft_Linestyle|linestyle]].
 
  
====Scripting====
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<!--T:12-->
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The circle can be edited by double clicking on the element in the tree view, or by pressing the {{Button|[[Image:Draft Edit.svg|16px]] [[Draft Edit|Draft Edit]]}} button. Then you can move the center and radius points to a new position.
  
The created circle is a [[Part Module|Part]] feature containing one edge with only one vertex.
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<!--T:13-->
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The circle can be turned into an arc after creation, by setting its first angle and last angle properties to different values.
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==Options== <!--T:5-->
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* The primary use of the circle tool is by picking two points, the centre and a point on the circumference.
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** By pressing {{KEY|Alt}}, you can select a tangent instead of picking a point. You can therefore construct several types of circles by selecting one, two or three tangents.
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* To enter coordinates manually, simply enter the numbers, then press {{KEY|Enter}} between each X, Y and Z component. You can press the {{Button|[[Image:Draft_AddPoint.svg|16px]] [[Draft_AddPoint|add point]]}} button when you have entered the desired values to insert the point.
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* Press {{KEY|T}} or click the checkbox to toggle ''continue'' mode. If continue mode is on, the Circle tool will restart after you finish the circle, allowing you to draw another one without pressing the tool button again.
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* Press {{KEY|L}} or click the checkbox to toggle ''filled'' mode. If filled mode is on, the circle will create a filled face ({{PropertyData|Make Face}} {{TRUE}}); if not, the circle will not make a face ({{PropertyData|Make Face}} {{FALSE}}).
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* Hold {{KEY|Ctrl}} while drawing to force [[Draft_Snap|snapping]] your point to the nearest snap location, independently of the distance.
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* Hold {{KEY|Shift}} while drawing to [[Draft_Constrain|constrain]] your second point horizontally or vertically in relation to the first one.
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* Press {{KEY|Esc}} or the {{Button|Close}} button to abort the current command.
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==Properties== <!--T:6-->
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A Circle object shares all properties from a [[Draft Arc|Draft Arc]], but some properties only make sense for the circle.
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===Data=== <!--T:14-->
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* {{PropertyData|First Angle}}: specifies the starting angle of the circle; normally 0&#176;.
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* {{PropertyData|Last Angle}}: specifies the ending angle of the circle; normally 0&#176;.
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* {{PropertyData|Radius}}: specifies the radius of the circle.
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* {{PropertyData|Make Face}}: specifies if the Circle makes a face or not. If it is {{TRUE}} a face is created, otherwise only the circumference is considered part of the object. This property only works if the shape is a full circumference.
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:For it to be a full circle {{PropertyData|First Angle}} and {{PropertyData|Last Angle}} should have the same value; otherwise, a [[Draft Arc|Draft Arc]] is displayed. The values 0&#176; and 360&#176; aren't considered the same, so if these two values are used, the circle will not form a face.
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===View=== <!--T:15-->
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* {{PropertyView|Pattern}}: specifies a [[Draft Pattern|Draft Pattern]] with which to fill the face of the circle. This property only works if {{PropertyData|Make Face}} is {{TRUE}}, and if {{PropertyView|Display Mode}} is "Flat Lines".
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* {{PropertyView|Pattern Size}}: specifies the size of the [[Draft Pattern|Draft Pattern]].
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==Scripting== <!--T:7-->
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{{Emphasis|See also:}} [[Draft API|Draft API]] and [[FreeCAD Scripting Basics|FreeCAD Scripting Basics]].
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<!--T:16-->
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The Circle tool can be used in [[macros|macros]] and from the [[Python|Python]] console by using the following function:
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</translate>
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{{Code|code=
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Circle = makeCircle(radius, placement=None, face=None, startangle=None, endangle=None, support=None)
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Circle = makeCircle(Part.Edge, placement=None, face=None, startangle=None, endangle=None, support=None)
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}}
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<translate>
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<!--T:8-->
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* Creates a {{incode|Circle}} object with given {{incode|radius}} in millimeters.
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** {{incode|radius}} can also be a {{incode|Part.Edge}}, whose {{incode|Curve}} attribute must be a {{incode|Part.Circle}}.
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* If a {{incode|placement}} is given, it is used; otherwise the shape is created at the origin.
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* If {{incode|face}} is {{incode|True}}, the circle will make a face, that is, it will appear filled.
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* If {{incode|startangle}} and {{incode|endangle}} are given in degrees, and have different values, they are used and the object appears as a [[Draft Arc|Draft Arc]].
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<!--T:9-->
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Example:
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</translate>
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{{Code|code=
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import FreeCAD, Draft
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Circle1 = Draft.makeCircle(200)
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ZAxis = FreeCAD.Vector(0, 0, 1)
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p2 = FreeCAD.Vector(1000, 1000, 0)
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place2 = FreeCAD.Placement(p2, FreeCAD.Rotation(ZAxis, 0))
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Circle2 = Draft.makeCircle(500, placement=place2)
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p3 = FreeCAD.Vector(-1000, -1000, 0)
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place3 = FreeCAD.Placement(p3, FreeCAD.Rotation(ZAxis, 0))
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Circle3 = Draft.makeCircle(750, placement=place3)
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}}
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<translate>
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<!--T:17-->
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{{Docnav|[[Draft_Fillet|Fillet]]|[[Draft_Arc|Arc]]|[[Draft_Module|Draft]]|IconL=Draft_Fillet.svg |IconC=Workbench_Draft.svg|IconR=Draft_Arc.svg}}
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{{Draft Tools navi}}
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<!--T:20-->
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{{Userdocnavi}}
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</translate>
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{{clear}}

Latest revision as of 16:41, 25 September 2019

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Arrow-left.svg Previous: Draft Fillet.svg Fillet
Next: Arc Draft Arc.svg Arrow-right.svg

Draft Circle.svg Draft Circle

Menu location
Draft → Circle
Workbenches
Draft, Arch
Default shortcut
C I
Introduced in version
0.7
See also
Draft Arc, Draft Ellipse
Macro CirclePlus


Description

The Circle tool creates a circle in the current work plane by entering two points, the center and the radius, or by picking tangents, or any combination of those. It uses the Draft Linestyle set on the Draft Tray.

This tool works the same way as the Draft Arc tool, except that it creates a full circumference. To draw an ellipse use Draft Ellipse.

Draft Circle example.jpg

Circle defined by two points


How to use

  1. Press the Draft Circle.png Draft Circle button, or press C then I keys.
  2. Click a first point on the 3D view, or type a coordinate and press the Draft AddPoint.svg add point button.
  3. Click a second point on the 3D view, or enter a radius value.

The circle can be edited by double clicking on the element in the tree view, or by pressing the Draft Edit.svg Draft Edit button. Then you can move the center and radius points to a new position.

The circle can be turned into an arc after creation, by setting its first angle and last angle properties to different values.

Options

  • The primary use of the circle tool is by picking two points, the centre and a point on the circumference.
    • By pressing Alt, you can select a tangent instead of picking a point. You can therefore construct several types of circles by selecting one, two or three tangents.
  • To enter coordinates manually, simply enter the numbers, then press Enter between each X, Y and Z component. You can press the Draft AddPoint.svg add point button when you have entered the desired values to insert the point.
  • Press T or click the checkbox to toggle continue mode. If continue mode is on, the Circle tool will restart after you finish the circle, allowing you to draw another one without pressing the tool button again.
  • Press L or click the checkbox to toggle filled mode. If filled mode is on, the circle will create a filled face (DATAMake Face True); if not, the circle will not make a face (DATAMake Face False).
  • Hold Ctrl while drawing to force snapping your point to the nearest snap location, independently of the distance.
  • Hold Shift while drawing to constrain your second point horizontally or vertically in relation to the first one.
  • Press Esc or the Close button to abort the current command.

Properties

A Circle object shares all properties from a Draft Arc, but some properties only make sense for the circle.

Data

  • DATAFirst Angle: specifies the starting angle of the circle; normally 0°.
  • DATALast Angle: specifies the ending angle of the circle; normally 0°.
  • DATARadius: specifies the radius of the circle.
  • DATAMake Face: specifies if the Circle makes a face or not. If it is True a face is created, otherwise only the circumference is considered part of the object. This property only works if the shape is a full circumference.
For it to be a full circle DATAFirst Angle and DATALast Angle should have the same value; otherwise, a Draft Arc is displayed. The values 0° and 360° aren't considered the same, so if these two values are used, the circle will not form a face.

View

  • VIEWPattern: specifies a Draft Pattern with which to fill the face of the circle. This property only works if DATAMake Face is True, and if VIEWDisplay Mode is "Flat Lines".
  • VIEWPattern Size: specifies the size of the Draft Pattern.

Scripting

See also: Draft API and FreeCAD Scripting Basics.

The Circle tool can be used in macros and from the Python console by using the following function:

Circle = makeCircle(radius, placement=None, face=None, startangle=None, endangle=None, support=None)
Circle = makeCircle(Part.Edge, placement=None, face=None, startangle=None, endangle=None, support=None)
  • Creates a Circle object with given radius in millimeters.
    • radius can also be a Part.Edge, whose Curve attribute must be a Part.Circle.
  • If a placement is given, it is used; otherwise the shape is created at the origin.
  • If face is True, the circle will make a face, that is, it will appear filled.
  • If startangle and endangle are given in degrees, and have different values, they are used and the object appears as a Draft Arc.

Example:

import FreeCAD, Draft

Circle1 = Draft.makeCircle(200)

ZAxis = FreeCAD.Vector(0, 0, 1)
p2 = FreeCAD.Vector(1000, 1000, 0)
place2 = FreeCAD.Placement(p2, FreeCAD.Rotation(ZAxis, 0))
Circle2 = Draft.makeCircle(500, placement=place2)

p3 = FreeCAD.Vector(-1000, -1000, 0)
place3 = FreeCAD.Placement(p3, FreeCAD.Rotation(ZAxis, 0))
Circle3 = Draft.makeCircle(750, placement=place3)
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