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Cette page explique comment compiler le dernier code source de FreeCAD sur MAC OS X.
+
<languages/>
 +
{{docnav|CompileOnUnix|Compiling (Speeding up)}}
 +
 
 +
This page describes how to compile the latest FreeCAD source on macOS X.  ''Latest'' means the most recent commit to the master branch of the FreeCAD github repository.
 +
 
 +
These instructions have been tested on macOS High Sierra
  
== Prérequis ==
+
This page serves as a quick start, and is not intended to be comprehensive with regard to describing all the available build options.  
Tout d'abord, vous allez avoir besoin d'installer les logiciels suivants.
 
  
=== Xcode Development Tools ===
+
If you just want to evaluate the latest pre-release build of FreeCAD, you can download pre-built binaries [https://github.com/FreeCAD/FreeCAD/releases from here].
À moins que vous ne souhaitiez utiliser l'IDE Xcode pour le développement de FreeCAD, vous n'avez besoin d'installer que les outils de Ligne de Commande (Command Line Tools). Pour faire ça sur 10.9 ou plus récent, ouvrez un Terminal, lancer la commande suivante puis cliquer sur Installer dans la boîte de dialogue qui s'affiche.
+
 
<pre>
+
== Install Prerequisites ==
xcode-select --install
+
The following software must be installed to support the build process.
</pre>
+
 
Pour les autres version de OS X, vous pouvez avoir le paquet des sur la [https://developer.apple.com/downloads/index.action?q=xcode page de téléchargement] des développeurs Apple (connectez vous avec le même ID Apple que vous utilisez sur d'autre services d'Apple). Techniquement vous avez besoin de télécharger Development Tools 3.2 pour OS X 10.6, et Commande Line Tools 4.8 pour OS X 10.8.
+
=== Homebrew Package Manager ===
 +
Homebrew is a command line based package manager for macOS. The [https://brew.sh/ Homebrew main page] provides an installation command line that you simply paste into a terminal window.
  
 
=== CMake ===
 
=== CMake ===
Installez la dernière version de CMake depuis http://www.cmake.org/download. Bien que Homebrew installe aussi CMake, il n'installe que l’exécutable de la ligne de commande.
+
CMake is build tool that generates a build configuration based on variables you specify. You then issue the 'make' command to actually build that configuration.  The command-line version of CMake is automatically installed as part of the Homebrew installation, above.  If you prefer to use a GUI version of CMake, you can download it from [https://www.cmake.org/downloadDownload here].
  
=== Homebrew ===  
+
== Install Dependencies ==
Pour installer Homebrew, entrer ce qui suit dans un terminal :
+
FreeCAD maintains a Homebrew 'tap' which installs the required formulas and dependencies. Issue the following brew commands in your terminal.
 +
 
 +
<br />
 
<pre>
 
<pre>
ruby -e "$(curl -fsSL https://raw.githubusercontent.com/Homebrew/install/master/install)"
+
brew tap freecad/freecad
 +
brew install eigen
 +
brew install --only-dependencies freecad --with-packaging-utils
 
</pre>
 
</pre>
== Getting the source ==
+
Notes:
In this guide, the source and build folders are created in '''/Users/username/FreeCAD''', but you can of course use whatever folder you want.
+
# 'brew install' may take quite a while, so you may want go grab a beverage. :-)
 +
 
 +
== Get the source ==
 +
In the following instructions, the source and build folders are created side-by-side under
 +
 
 +
/Users/username/FreeCAD
 +
 
 +
but you can use whatever folders you want.  
 
<pre>
 
<pre>
 
mkdir ~/FreeCAD
 
mkdir ~/FreeCAD
 
cd ~/FreeCAD
 
cd ~/FreeCAD
 
</pre>
 
</pre>
To get the FreeCAD source code, run:
+
The following command will clone the FreeCAD git repository into a directory called FreeCAD-git.
<pre>
 
git clone git://git.code.sf.net/p/free-cad/code FreeCAD-git
 
</pre>
 
Alternatively, you can use the github mirror: https://github.com/FreeCAD/FreeCAD_sf_master.git
 
 
 
== Installing the Dependencies ==
 
All of the needed libraries can be installed using Homebrew.
 
 
<pre>
 
<pre>
brew tap homebrew/science
+
git clone https://github.com/FreeCAD/FreeCAD FreeCAD-git
brew tap sanelson/freecad
 
brew install boost eigen freetype oce python qt pyside pyside-tools xerces-c
 
brew install --without-framework --without-soqt sanelson/freecad/coin
 
brew install --HEAD pivy
 
 
</pre>
 
</pre>
== Compiling FreeCAD ==
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Create the build folder.
First, create a new folder for the build:
 
 
<pre>
 
<pre>
 
mkdir ~/FreeCAD/build
 
mkdir ~/FreeCAD/build
 
</pre>
 
</pre>
Now you will need to run CMake to generate the build files. Open the CMake app, and fill in the source and build folder fields. In this case, it would be '''/Users/username/FreeCAD/FreeCAD-git''' for the source, and '''/Users/username/FreeCAD/build''' for the build folder.  
+
<br />
 +
 
 +
== Run CMake ==
 +
 
 +
Next, we will run CMake to generate the build configuration. Several options must be passed to CMake. The following table describes the options and gives some background.  
  
Next, click the '''Configure''' button. This will display a dialog asking you to specify what generator to use. Leave it at the default '''Unix Makefiles.''' Configuring will fail the first time because there are some options that need to be changed. Note: You will need to check the '''Advanced''' checkbox to get all of the options.
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=== CMake Options ===
  
 
{| class="wikitable" style="text-align:left"
 
{| class="wikitable" style="text-align:left"
 
|-
 
|-
! Option name !! Value  !! Notes
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! Name !! Value  !! Notes
 +
|-
 +
| CMAKE_BUILD_TYPE || Release (STRING) ||  Release or Debug.  Debug is generally used for developer-level testing but may also be required for user-level testing and troubleshooting.
 +
|-
 +
| BUILD_QT5 || 1  (BOOL) || Required to build with Qt5. 
 
|-               
 
|-               
| BUILD_ROBOT || OFF (unchecked) || As of 12/19/2014, the robot module fails to build using newer versions of clang (OS X 10.9 and later)       
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| CMAKE_PREFIX_PATH || "/usr/local/Cellar/qt@5.6/5.6.2/lib/cmake" (PATH) || Required to build with Qt5. See note below.
 +
 
 
|-               
 
|-               
| CMAKE_BUILD_TYPE || Release ||
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| FREECAD_CREATE_MAC_APP || 1 (BOOL) || Create a FreeCAD.app bundle at the location specified in CMAKE_INSTALL_PREFIX, when the 'make install' command issued.
 +
|-
 +
| CMAKE_INSTALL_PREFIX || "./.." (PATH) || Path where you want to generate the FreeCAD.app bundle.
 
|-               
 
|-               
| FREECAD_USE_EXTERNAL_PIVY  || ON (checked) ||
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| FREECAD_USE_EXTERNAL_KDL || 1 (BOOL) || Required.
|-             
 
| FREETYPE_INCLUDE_DIR_freetype2 || /usr/local/include/freetype2 || You will only need to set this if you are using a CMake version older than 3.1.0
 
|-             
 
| OCE_DIR || /usr/local/Cellar/oce/0.16.1/OCE.framework/Versions/0.16/Resources ||
 
|-             
 
| PYSIDERCC4BINARY || /usr/local/bin/pyside-rcc ||
 
|-             
 
| PYSIDEUIC4BINARY || /usr/local/bin/pyside-uic ||
 
|-
 
| PYTHON_EXECUTABLE || /usr/local/bin/python ||
 
|-
 
| PYTHON_INCLUDE_DIR || /usr/local/Cellar/python/2.7.9/Frameworks/Python.framework/Versions/2.7/include/python2.7 ||
 
|-
 
| PYTHON_LIBRARY || /usr/local/Cellar/python/2.7.9/Frameworks/Python.framework/Versions/2.7/lib/libpython2.7.dylib ||
 
 
|-
 
|-
 +
| BUILD_FEM_NETGEN || 1 (BOOL) || Required.
 
|}
 
|}
Note: The above paths for OCE and Python are for versions 0.16.1 and 2.7.9, respectively -- change as needed.
 
  
Now click '''Configure''' again and then '''Generate'''.
+
Note: Command line to generate CMAKE_PREFIX_PATH: 
 +
<pre>
 +
ls -d $(brew list -1 | grep qt | tail -1 | xargs brew --cellar)/*/lib/cmake
 +
</pre>
 +
 
 +
=== CMake GUI ===
 +
Open the CMake app, and fill in the source and build folder fields. In this example, it would be '''/Users/username/FreeCAD/FreeCAD-git''' for the source, and '''/Users/username/FreeCAD/build''' for the build folder.  
  
Finally, run '''make''' to compile FreeCAD.
+
Next, click the '''Configure''' button to populate the list of configuration options. This will display a dialog asking you to specify what generator to use. Leave it at the default '''Unix Makefiles.''' Configuring will fail the first time because there are some options that need to be changed. Note: You will need to check the '''Advanced''' checkbox to get all of the options.
 +
 
 +
Set options from the table above, then click '''Configure''' again and then '''Generate'''.
 +
=== CMake command line ===
 +
Enter the following in the terminal.
 +
<pre>
 +
$cd ~/FreeCAD/build
 +
$cmake \
 +
  -DCMAKE_BUILD_TYPE="Release"  \
 +
  -DBUILD_QT5=1                  \
 +
  -DCMAKE_PREFIX_PATH="/usr/local/Cellar/qt@5.6/5.6.2/lib/cmake"  \
 +
  -DFREECAD_USE_EXTERNAL_KDL=1  \
 +
  -DBUILD_FEM_NETGEN=1          \
 +
  -DFREECAD_CREATE_MAC_APP=1    \
 +
  -DCMAKE_INSTALL_PREFIX="./.."  \
 +
  ../FreeCAD-git/
 +
 
 +
</pre>
 +
 
 +
== Run make ==
 +
Finally, from a terminal run '''make''' to compile and link FreeCAD, and generate the app bundle.
 
<pre>
 
<pre>
 
cd ~/FreeCAD/build
 
cd ~/FreeCAD/build
make –j3
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make -j5 install
 
</pre>
 
</pre>
 
The -j option specifies how many make processes to run at once. One plus the number of CPU cores is usually a good number to use. However, if compiling fails for some reason, it is useful to rerun make without the -j option, so that you can see exactly where the error occurred.
 
The -j option specifies how many make processes to run at once. One plus the number of CPU cores is usually a good number to use. However, if compiling fails for some reason, it is useful to rerun make without the -j option, so that you can see exactly where the error occurred.
  
If make finishes without any errors, you can now launch FreeCAD, either from Terminal with '''./bin/FreeCAD''', or by double clicking the executable in Finder.
+
See also [[Compiling_(Speeding_up)|Compiling - Speeding up]].
== Creating an application bundle ==
+
 
TODO
+
If make finishes without any errors, you can now launch FreeCAD by double clicking the executable in the Finder.
== Updating ==
+
 
FreeCAD development happens fast; everyday or so there are bug fixes or new features. To get these changes, run:
+
== Updating from Github ==
 +
FreeCAD development happens fast; every day or so there are bug fixes or new features. To get the latest changes, use git to update the source directory (see [[Source code management]]), then re-run the CMake and make steps above.  It is not usually necessary to start with a clean build directory in this case, and subsequent compiles will generally go much faster than the first one.
 +
 
 +
== Building with Qt4 ==
 +
FreeCAD has transitioned from Qt 4 to Qt 5.  If you need to build with Qt4, the following additional steps are required.
 +
 
 +
# Append '--with-qt4' to the 'brew install' command.
 +
# Do not specify BUILD_QT5 CMake option.
 +
# Do not specify CMAKE_PREFIX_PATH CMake option
 +
 
 +
After you install Qt4, if you want to switch to building with Qt5, you will need to uninstall Qt4.
 +
<pre>
 +
brew uninstall --ignore-dependencies --force cartr/qt4/shiboken@1.2 cartr/qt4/pyside@1.2 cartr/qt4/pyside-tools@1.2 cartr/qt4/qt
 +
</pre>
 +
 
 +
== Troubleshooting ==
 +
 
 +
=== Segfault on Qt5 launch ===
 +
If Qt4 was previously installed via brew, and you then build with Qt5, you may get a EXC_BAD_ACCESS (SEGSEGV) exception when launching the new Qt5 build.  The fix for this is to manually uninstall Qt4.
 
<pre>
 
<pre>
cd ~/FreeCAD/FreeCAD-git
+
brew uninstall --ignore-dependencies --force cartr/qt4/shiboken@1.2 cartr/qt4/pyside@1.2 cartr/qt4/pyside-tools@1.2 cartr/qt4/qt-legacy-formula
git pull
 
 
</pre>
 
</pre>
And then repeat the compile step above.
 
== Troubleshooting ==
 
TODO
 
{{docnav|CompileOnUnix|Third Party Libraries}}
 
  
[[Category:Developer Documentation]]
+
=== Fortran ===
 +
''"No CMAKE_Fortran_COMPILER could be found."'' during configuration - Older versions of FreeCAD will need a fortran compiler installed.  With Homebrew, do "brew install gcc" and try configuring again, giving cmake the path to Fortran ie -DCMAKE_Fortran_COMPILER=/opt/local/bin/gfortran-mp-4.9 .  Or, preferably use a more current version of FreeCAD source!
 +
 
 +
=== OpenGL ===
 +
See [[OpenGL_on_MacOS|OpenGL on MacOS]] for OpenGL issues when Qt 4.8 and earlier are used on MacOS.
 +
 
 +
=== FreeType ===
 +
When using CMake versions older than 3.1.0, it's necessary to set CMake variable FREETYPE_INCLUDE_DIR_freetype2 manually, eg /usr/local/include/freetype2
 +
 
 +
{{docnav/fr|[[CompileOnUnix/fr|CompileOnUnix]]|[[Third Party Libraries/fr|Third Party Libraries]]}}
 +
 
 +
{{Userdocnavi}}
 +
 
 +
[[Category:Developer Documentation/fr]]
  
 
{{clear}}
 
{{clear}}
<languages/>
 

Latest revision as of 12:03, 13 July 2019

Other languages:
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This page describes how to compile the latest FreeCAD source on macOS X. Latest means the most recent commit to the master branch of the FreeCAD github repository.

These instructions have been tested on macOS High Sierra

This page serves as a quick start, and is not intended to be comprehensive with regard to describing all the available build options.

If you just want to evaluate the latest pre-release build of FreeCAD, you can download pre-built binaries from here.

Install Prerequisites

The following software must be installed to support the build process.

Homebrew Package Manager

Homebrew is a command line based package manager for macOS. The Homebrew main page provides an installation command line that you simply paste into a terminal window.

CMake

CMake is build tool that generates a build configuration based on variables you specify. You then issue the 'make' command to actually build that configuration. The command-line version of CMake is automatically installed as part of the Homebrew installation, above. If you prefer to use a GUI version of CMake, you can download it from here.

Install Dependencies

FreeCAD maintains a Homebrew 'tap' which installs the required formulas and dependencies. Issue the following brew commands in your terminal.


brew tap freecad/freecad
brew install eigen
brew install --only-dependencies freecad --with-packaging-utils

Notes:

  1. 'brew install' may take quite a while, so you may want go grab a beverage. :-)

Get the source

In the following instructions, the source and build folders are created side-by-side under

/Users/username/FreeCAD

but you can use whatever folders you want.

mkdir ~/FreeCAD
cd ~/FreeCAD

The following command will clone the FreeCAD git repository into a directory called FreeCAD-git.

git clone https://github.com/FreeCAD/FreeCAD FreeCAD-git

Create the build folder.

mkdir ~/FreeCAD/build


Run CMake

Next, we will run CMake to generate the build configuration. Several options must be passed to CMake. The following table describes the options and gives some background.

CMake Options

Name Value Notes
CMAKE_BUILD_TYPE Release (STRING) Release or Debug. Debug is generally used for developer-level testing but may also be required for user-level testing and troubleshooting.
BUILD_QT5 1 (BOOL) Required to build with Qt5.
CMAKE_PREFIX_PATH "/usr/local/Cellar/qt@5.6/5.6.2/lib/cmake" (PATH) Required to build with Qt5. See note below.
FREECAD_CREATE_MAC_APP 1 (BOOL) Create a FreeCAD.app bundle at the location specified in CMAKE_INSTALL_PREFIX, when the 'make install' command issued.
CMAKE_INSTALL_PREFIX "./.." (PATH) Path where you want to generate the FreeCAD.app bundle.
FREECAD_USE_EXTERNAL_KDL 1 (BOOL) Required.
BUILD_FEM_NETGEN 1 (BOOL) Required.

Note: Command line to generate CMAKE_PREFIX_PATH:

ls -d $(brew list -1 | grep qt | tail -1 | xargs brew --cellar)/*/lib/cmake

CMake GUI

Open the CMake app, and fill in the source and build folder fields. In this example, it would be /Users/username/FreeCAD/FreeCAD-git for the source, and /Users/username/FreeCAD/build for the build folder.

Next, click the Configure button to populate the list of configuration options. This will display a dialog asking you to specify what generator to use. Leave it at the default Unix Makefiles. Configuring will fail the first time because there are some options that need to be changed. Note: You will need to check the Advanced checkbox to get all of the options.

Set options from the table above, then click Configure again and then Generate.

CMake command line

Enter the following in the terminal.

$cd ~/FreeCAD/build
$cmake \
  -DCMAKE_BUILD_TYPE="Release"   \
  -DBUILD_QT5=1                  \
  -DCMAKE_PREFIX_PATH="/usr/local/Cellar/qt@5.6/5.6.2/lib/cmake"  \
  -DFREECAD_USE_EXTERNAL_KDL=1   \
  -DBUILD_FEM_NETGEN=1           \
  -DFREECAD_CREATE_MAC_APP=1     \
  -DCMAKE_INSTALL_PREFIX="./.."  \
  ../FreeCAD-git/

Run make

Finally, from a terminal run make to compile and link FreeCAD, and generate the app bundle.

cd ~/FreeCAD/build
make -j5 install

The -j option specifies how many make processes to run at once. One plus the number of CPU cores is usually a good number to use. However, if compiling fails for some reason, it is useful to rerun make without the -j option, so that you can see exactly where the error occurred.

See also Compiling - Speeding up.

If make finishes without any errors, you can now launch FreeCAD by double clicking the executable in the Finder.

Updating from Github

FreeCAD development happens fast; every day or so there are bug fixes or new features. To get the latest changes, use git to update the source directory (see Source code management), then re-run the CMake and make steps above. It is not usually necessary to start with a clean build directory in this case, and subsequent compiles will generally go much faster than the first one.

Building with Qt4

FreeCAD has transitioned from Qt 4 to Qt 5. If you need to build with Qt4, the following additional steps are required.

  1. Append '--with-qt4' to the 'brew install' command.
  2. Do not specify BUILD_QT5 CMake option.
  3. Do not specify CMAKE_PREFIX_PATH CMake option

After you install Qt4, if you want to switch to building with Qt5, you will need to uninstall Qt4.

brew uninstall --ignore-dependencies --force cartr/qt4/shiboken@1.2 cartr/qt4/pyside@1.2 cartr/qt4/pyside-tools@1.2 cartr/qt4/qt

Troubleshooting

Segfault on Qt5 launch

If Qt4 was previously installed via brew, and you then build with Qt5, you may get a EXC_BAD_ACCESS (SEGSEGV) exception when launching the new Qt5 build. The fix for this is to manually uninstall Qt4.

brew uninstall --ignore-dependencies --force cartr/qt4/shiboken@1.2 cartr/qt4/pyside@1.2 cartr/qt4/pyside-tools@1.2 cartr/qt4/qt-legacy-formula

Fortran

"No CMAKE_Fortran_COMPILER could be found." during configuration - Older versions of FreeCAD will need a fortran compiler installed. With Homebrew, do "brew install gcc" and try configuring again, giving cmake the path to Fortran ie -DCMAKE_Fortran_COMPILER=/opt/local/bin/gfortran-mp-4.9 . Or, preferably use a more current version of FreeCAD source!

OpenGL

See OpenGL on MacOS for OpenGL issues when Qt 4.8 and earlier are used on MacOS.

FreeType

When using CMake versions older than 3.1.0, it's necessary to set CMake variable FREETYPE_INCLUDE_DIR_freetype2 manually, eg /usr/local/include/freetype2

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