Estilos de Navegação

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Os estilos de navegação do FreeCAD consistem nos comandos usados para navegar visualmente no espaço 3D e interagir com os objetos mostrados. O FreeCAD suporta multiplos estilos de navegação. O predefinido é o chamado "Navegação CAD", e é muito simples e prático, mas o FreeCAD também disponibiliza estilos de navegação alternativos, que pode escolher de acordo com as suas preferências.

Navegação

O manuseamento dos objetos é comum a todas as bancadas de trabalho. As combinações de comandos seguintes podem ser utilizadas para controlar a posição dos objetos e as vistas de acordo com o estilo de Navegação selecionado.

Existem duas maneiras de mudar o estilo de navegação:

  • No Editor de Preferências, Secção Visualização, separador Vista 3D;
  • Clicando com o botão direito do rato numa área vazia na vista 3D, e selecionando Estilo de Navegação no menu de contexto.

Navegação CAD (predefinido)

Este é o estilo de navegação predefinido e permite ao utilizador um controlo simples da visualização, não requerendo o uso do teclado excepto para fazer múltiplas seleções.

Select Pan Zoom Rotate view
First method
Rotate view
Alternate method
Hand cursor.png Pan cursor.png Zoom cursor.png Rotate cursor.png Rotate cursor.png
Mouse LMB.svg Mouse MMB hold.svg Mouse MMB rotate.svg Mouse MMB+LMB hold.svg Mouse MMB+RMB hold.svg
Press the left mouse button over an object you want to select.

Holding down Ctrl allows the selection of multiple objects.

Hold the middle mouse button, then move the pointer. Use the mouse wheel to zoom in and out.

Clicking the middle mouse button re-centers the view on the location of the cursor.

Hold the middle mouse button, then press and hold the left mouse button, then move the pointer.

The cursor location when the middle mouse button is pressed determines the center of rotation. Rotation works like spinning a ball which rotates around its center. If the buttons are released before you stop the mouse motion, the view continues spinning, if this is enabled.

A double click with the middle mouse button sets a new center of rotation.

Hold the middle mouse button, then press and hold the right mouse button, then move the pointer.

With this method the middle mouse button may be released after the right mouse button is held pressed.

Users who use the mouse with their right hand may find this method easier than the first method.

Ctrl+Mouse RMB.svg Ctrl+Shift+Mouse RMB.svg Shift+Mouse RMB.svg
Pan mode: hold the Ctrl key, press the right mouse button once, then move the pointer. introduced in version 0.17 Zoom mode: hold the Ctrl and Shift keys, press the right mouse button once, then move the pointer. introduced in version 0.17 Rotate mode: hold the Shift key, press the right mouse button once, then move the pointer. introduced in version 0.17
Select Pan Zoom Rotate view
First method
Rotate view
Alternate method
Hand cursor.png Pan cursor.png Zoom cursor.png Rotate cursor.png Rotate cursor.png
Mouse LMB.svg Mouse MMB hold.svg Mouse MMB rotate.svg Mouse MMB+LMB hold.svg Mouse MMB+RMB hold.svg
Press the left mouse button over an object you want to select.

Holding down Ctrl allows the selection of multiple objects.

Hold the middle mouse button, then move the pointer. Use the mouse wheel to zoom in and out.

Clicking the middle mouse button re-centers the view on the location of the cursor.

Hold the middle mouse button, then press and hold the left mouse button, then move the pointer.

The cursor location when the middle mouse button is pressed determines the center of rotation. Rotation works like spinning a ball which rotates around its center. If the buttons are released before you stop the mouse motion, the view continues spinning, if this is enabled.

A double click with the middle mouse button sets a new center of rotation.

Hold the middle mouse button, then press and hold the right mouse button, then move the pointer.

With this method the middle mouse button may be released after the right mouse button is held pressed.

Users who use the mouse with their right hand may find this method easier than the first method.

Ctrl+Mouse RMB.svg Ctrl+Shift+Mouse RMB.svg Shift+Mouse RMB.svg
Pan mode: hold the Ctrl key, press the right mouse button once, then move the pointer. introduced in version 0.17 Zoom mode: hold the Ctrl and Shift keys, press the right mouse button once, then move the pointer. introduced in version 0.17 Rotate mode: hold the Shift key, press the right mouse button once, then move the pointer. introduced in version 0.17


Navegação Inventor

Na Navegação Inventor, criada a partir do Open Inventor (não confundir com Autodesk Inventor), não existe seleção apenas com o rato. Para poder selecionar objetos, é necessário pressionar a tecla CTRL.

Select Pan Zoom Rotate view
Hand cursor.png Pan cursor.png Zoom cursor.png Rotate cursor.png
Ctrl+Mouse LMB.svg Mouse MMB hold.svg Mouse MMB rotate.svg Mouse MMB+LMB hold.svg Mouse LMB hold.svg
Hold Ctrl, then press the left mouse button over an object you want to select. Hold the middle mouse button, then move the pointer. Use the mouse wheel to zoom in and out.

Alternatively, hold the middle mouse button, then press and hold the left mouse button, then move the pointer.

Hold the left mouse button, then move the pointer.

This mode is not based on Autodesk Inventor.

Select Pan Zoom Rotate view
Hand cursor.png Pan cursor.png Zoom cursor.png Rotate cursor.png
Ctrl+Mouse LMB.svg Mouse MMB hold.svg Mouse MMB rotate.svg Mouse MMB+LMB hold.svg Mouse LMB hold.svg
Hold Ctrl, then press the left mouse button over an object you want to select. Hold the middle mouse button, then move the pointer. Use the mouse wheel to zoom in and out.

Alternatively, hold the middle mouse button, then press and hold the left mouse button, then move the pointer.

Hold the left mouse button, then move the pointer.


Navegação Blender

Na Navegação Blender, criada a partir do Blender, não é possivel fazer "pan" apenas com o rato. Para fazer "pan" á vista, necessita de pressionar a tecla SHIFT.

Select Pan Zoom Rotate view
Hand cursor.png Pan cursor.png Zoom cursor.png Rotate cursor.png
Mouse LMB.svg Shift+Mouse MMB hold.svg Mouse LMB+RMB hold.svg Mouse MMB rotate.svg Mouse MMB hold.svg
Press the left mouse button over an object you want to select. Hold Shift and the middle mouse button, then move the pointer.

Alternatively, hold both left and right mouse buttons, and then move the pointer.

Use the mouse wheel to zoom in and out. Hold the middle mouse button, then move the pointer.

Alternatively, hold both left and right mouse buttons, and then move the pointer. |Zoom_text=Use the mouse wheel to zoom in and out. |Rotate_view_text=Hold the middle mouse button, then move the pointer. }}

Navegação Touchpad

Na Navegação Touchpad, não pode fazer "pan", nem zoom, nem rodar a vista, apenas com o rato (ou touchpad).

Select Pan Zoom Rotate view
Hand cursor.png Pan cursor.png Zoom cursor.png Rotate cursor.png
Touchpad LB.svg Shift+Touchpad.svg PageUp, PageDown Alt+Touchpad.svg
Press the left mouse button over an object you want to select. Hold Shift, then move the pointer. Use PageUp and PageDown to zoom in and out. Hold Alt, then move the pointer.
Shift+Ctrl+Touchpad.svg Shift+Touchpad LB hold.svg
Alternatively, hold Shift and Ctrl, then move the pointer. Alternatively, hold Shift and the left button, then move the pointer.

Navegação Gestual (v0.16)

Este estilo de navegação está talhado para ser usado com monitores tateis e com caneta, mas é bastante prático também com o rato.

Select Pan Zoom Rotate view Tilt view
Hand cursor.png Pan cursor.png Zoom cursor.png Rotate cursor.png Rotate cursor.png
Mouse LMB.svg Mouse RMB hold.svg Mouse MMB rotate.svg Mouse LMB hold.svg Mouse LMB+RMB hold.svg
Press the left mouse button over an object you want to select. Hold the right mouse button, then move the pointer. Use the mouse wheel to zoom in and out. Hold the left mouse button, then move the pointer.

In Sketcher and other edit modes, this behavior is disabled. Hold Alt when pressing the mouse button to enter rotation mode.

To set the camera's focus point for rotation, click a point with the middle mouse button. Alternatively, aim the cursor at a point and press H on the keyboard.

Hold both left and right mouse buttons, and then move the pointer sideways.
Touch Tap.svg Touch Two-Finger-Drag.svg Touch Tap-Hold-Drag.svg Touch Pinch.svg Touch One-Finger-Drag.svg Touch Rotate.svg
Tap to select. Drag with two fingers.

Alternatively, tap and hold, then drag. This simulates the pan with the right mouse button.

Drag two fingers (pinch) closer or farther apart. Drag with one finger to rotate.

Hold Alt when in the Sketcher.

Rotate the imaginary line formed by two touch points.

On v0.18 this method is disabled by default. To enable, go to Edit → Preferences → Display, and untick "Disable touchscreen tilt gesture" checkbox.

Alternatively, tap and hold, then drag. This simulates the pan with the right mouse button. |Zoom_text=Use the mouse wheel to zoom in and out. |Zoom_gesture_text=Drag two fingers (pinch) closer or farther apart. |Rotate_view_text=Hold the left mouse button, then move the pointer. In Sketcher and other edit modes, this behavior is disabled. Hold Alt when pressing the mouse button to enter rotation mode.

To set the camera's focus point for rotation, click a point with the middle mouse button. Alternatively, aim the cursor at a point and press H on the keyboard. |Rotate_view_gesture_text=Drag with one finger to rotate.

Hold Alt when in the Sketcher. |Tilt_view_text=Hold both left and right mouse buttons, then move the pointer sideways. |Tilt_view_gesture_text=Rotate the imaginary line formed by two touch points.

On v0.18 this method is disabled by default. To enable, go to Edit → Preferences → Display, and untick "Disable touchscreen tilt gesture" checkbox. }}

Maya-Gesture Navigation

In Maya-Gesture Navigation, all view movements are activated pressing ALT and a mouse button, so that it will be needed to have a 3 button mouse in order to correctly use this navigation mode. Alternately it's possible to use gestures as this mode was been developed over the normal Gesture Navigation mode.

Select Pan Zoom Rotate view
Hand cursor.png Pan cursor.png Zoom cursor.png Rotate cursor.png
Mouse LMB.svg Alt+Mouse MMB hold.svg Alt+Mouse RMB hold.svg Mouse MMB rotate.svg Alt+Mouse LMB hold.svg
Press the left mouse button over an object you want to select. Hold Alt and the middle mouse button, then move the pointer. Hold Alt and the right mouse button, then move the pointer.

Alternatively, use the mouse wheel to zoom in and out.

Hold Alt and the left mouse button, then move the pointer.

Alternatively, use the mouse wheel to zoom in and out. |Rotate_view_text=Hold Alt and the left mouse button, then move the pointer. }}


Revit Navigation

This style was introduced in version 0.18.

Select Pan Zoom Rotate view
Hand cursor.png Pan cursor.png Zoom cursor.png Rotate cursor.png
Mouse LMB.svg Mouse MMB hold.svg Mouse LMB+RMB hold.svg Mouse MMB rotate.svg Shift+Mouse MMB hold.svg Mouse MMB+RMB hold.svg


Press the left mouse button over an object you want to select. Hold the middle mouse button, then move the pointer.

Alternatively, hold both left and right mouse buttons, then move the pointer.

Use the mouse wheel to zoom in and out. Hold Shift and the middle mouse button, then move the pointer.

Alternatively, hold the middle mouse button, then press and hold the right mouse button, then move the pointer.


OpenCascade

This style was introduced in version 0.18.

Select Pan Zoom Rotate view
Hand cursor.png Pan cursor.png Zoom cursor.png Rotate cursor.png
Mouse LMB.svg Ctrl+Mouse MMB hold.svg Mouse MMB hold.svg Mouse MMB rotate.svg Ctrl+Mouse LMB hold.svg Ctrl+Mouse RMB hold.svg


Press the left mouse button over an object you want to select. Hold the middle mouse button, then move the pointer. Use the mouse wheel to zoom in and out.

Alternatively, hold Ctrl and the left mouse button, then move the pointer.

Hold Ctrl and the right mouse button, then move the pointer.


Selecionar objetos

Seleção Simples

Os objetos podem ser selecionados por um clique com o botão esquerdo do rato quer selecionando sobre o objeto na vista 3D ou selecionando-o na vista em árvore.

Preseleção

Existe também um mecanismo de Preseleção que realça o objeto e mostra informação sobre ele antes da seleção, bastando passar com o rato sobre os objetos. Se não gosta deste comportamento ou se tem uma máquina mais lenta, pode desligar a preseleção no Editor de Preferências.

Manipulação de Objetos

O FreeCAD oferece manipuladores que são "alças" que podem ser usadas para modificar a forma, aparência ou outros parâmetros de um objeto.

O Plano de corte (clipping plane) é um bom exemplo de um objeto com manipuladores. Um Plano de corte (clipping plane) pode ser ativado no menu Ver→Plano de corte (clipping plane).

Suporte de Hardware

O FreeCAD também suporta alguns 3D input devices.

Mac OS X Issues

Recently we got reports on the forum from Mac users that those mouse button and key combination do not work as expected. Unfortunately, none of the developers owns a Mac, neither do the other regular contributors. We need your help to determine which mouse buttons and key combination work so we can update this wiki.