Mouse Model

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The FreeCAD mouse model consists of the commands used to visually navigate the 3D space and interact with the objects displayed. There are currently 3 different mouse navigation schemes in FreeCAD. The default navigation style is referred to as "CAD Navigation," and is very simple and practical, but FreeCAD also has two alternative navigation styles modeled after Inventor and Blender navigation.

Navigation

La manipulación de objetos es común a todos los entornos de trabajo. Las siguientes acciones del ratón se pueden utilizar para controlar la posición y visualización de los objetos de acuerdo con el estilo de navegación que esté seleccionado.

Hay dos formas de cambiar el estilo de navegación:

  • En el Editor de Preferencias, sección Display, pestaña Vista 3D;
  • Pulsando con el botón derecho en un área vacía de la vista 3D y seleccionando Estilo de navegación en el menú contextual.

Navegación CAD (por defecto)

Este es el estilo de navegación por defecto y permite al usuario un control simple de la vista, y no requiere el uso del teclado con la excepción de la realización de selecciones múltiples.

Selección Encuadre Zoom Rotar vista
Hand cursor.png Pan cursor.png Zoom cursor.png Rotate cursor.png
Selección Encuadre Zoom Rotar vista
Presiona el botón izquierdo sobre el objeto que quieras seleccionar. Manteniendo pulsadas la tecla CRTL se permite la selección de múltiples objetos. Pulsa el botón del medio. Utiliza la rueda del ratón para acercar o alejar la vista. Pulsa primero con el botón del medio, mantén el botón presionado y pulsa el botón izquierdo sobre cualquier parte visible de cualquier pieza de un objeto y arrástralo en la dirección deseada. Esto funciona como si se girase una bola que rotase sobre su centro. Si liberas el botón antes de parar el movimiento, el objeto continua girando, si está activado. Un doble clic con el botón del medio sobre cualquier parte de un objeto establece en ese punto el nuevo centro de rotación y acerca la vista a él.


Select Pan Zoom Rotate view
First method
Rotate view
Alternate method
Hand cursor.png Pan cursor.png Zoom cursor.png Rotate cursor.png Rotate cursor.png
Mouse LMB.svg Mouse MMB hold.svg Mouse MMB rotate.svg Mouse MMB+LMB hold.svg Mouse MMB+RMB hold.svg
Press the left mouse button over an object you want to select.

Holding down Ctrl allows the selection of multiple objects.

Hold the middle mouse button, then move the pointer. Use the mouse wheel to zoom in and out.

Clicking the middle mouse button re-centers the view on the location of the cursor.

Hold the middle mouse button, then press and hold the left mouse button, then move the pointer.

The cursor location when the middle mouse button is pressed determines the center of rotation. Rotation works like spinning a ball which rotates around its center. If the buttons are released before you stop the mouse motion, the view continues spinning, if this is enabled.

A double click with the middle mouse button sets a new center of rotation.

Hold the middle mouse button, then press and hold the right mouse button, then move the pointer.

With this method the middle mouse button may be released after the right mouse button is held pressed.

Users who use the mouse with their right hand may find this method easier than the first method.

Ctrl+Mouse RMB.svg Ctrl+Shift+Mouse RMB.svg Shift+Mouse RMB.svg
Pan mode: hold the Ctrl key, press the right mouse button once, then move the pointer. introduced in version 0.17 Zoom mode: hold the Ctrl and Shift keys, press the right mouse button once, then move the pointer. introduced in version 0.17 Rotate mode: hold the Shift key, press the right mouse button once, then move the pointer. introduced in version 0.17
Select Pan Zoom Rotate view
First method
Rotate view
Alternate method
Hand cursor.png Pan cursor.png Zoom cursor.png Rotate cursor.png Rotate cursor.png
Mouse LMB.svg Mouse MMB hold.svg Mouse MMB rotate.svg Mouse MMB+LMB hold.svg Mouse MMB+RMB hold.svg
Press the left mouse button over an object you want to select.

Holding down Ctrl allows the selection of multiple objects.

Hold the middle mouse button, then move the pointer. Use the mouse wheel to zoom in and out.

Clicking the middle mouse button re-centers the view on the location of the cursor.

Hold the middle mouse button, then press and hold the left mouse button, then move the pointer.

The cursor location when the middle mouse button is pressed determines the center of rotation. Rotation works like spinning a ball which rotates around its center. If the buttons are released before you stop the mouse motion, the view continues spinning, if this is enabled.

A double click with the middle mouse button sets a new center of rotation.

Hold the middle mouse button, then press and hold the right mouse button, then move the pointer.

With this method the middle mouse button may be released after the right mouse button is held pressed.

Users who use the mouse with their right hand may find this method easier than the first method.

Ctrl+Mouse RMB.svg Ctrl+Shift+Mouse RMB.svg Shift+Mouse RMB.svg
Pan mode: hold the Ctrl key, press the right mouse button once, then move the pointer. introduced in version 0.17 Zoom mode: hold the Ctrl and Shift keys, press the right mouse button once, then move the pointer. introduced in version 0.17 Rotate mode: hold the Shift key, press the right mouse button once, then move the pointer. introduced in version 0.17


Navegación de Inventor

En la Navegación de Inventor, modelada a partir de Open Inventor (no se confunda con Autodek Inventor), no se puede seleccionar sólo con el ratón. Para seleccionar objetos, debes mantener presionada la tecla CTRL.

Selección Encuadre Zoom Rotar vista
Hand cursor.png Pan cursor.png Zoom cursor.png Rotate cursor.png
ctrl +para seleccionar para encuadrar para hacer Zoom in o Zoom out o para hacer Zoom in o Zoom out para Rotar la vista
Manten pulsado CTRL y presiona el botón izquierdo del ratón sobre un objeto que quieras seleccionar. Pulsa el botón izquierdo del ratón y mover cerca del objeto. Utiliza la rueda del ratón para hacer zoom in y zoom out, o pulsa y manten presionado el botón central y pulsa el botón izquierdo del ratón. Pulsa y arrastra con el botón izquierdo para rotar la vista


Select Pan Zoom Rotate view
Hand cursor.png Pan cursor.png Zoom cursor.png Rotate cursor.png
Ctrl+Mouse LMB.svg Mouse MMB hold.svg Mouse MMB rotate.svg Mouse MMB+LMB hold.svg Mouse LMB hold.svg
Hold Ctrl, then press the left mouse button over an object you want to select. Hold the middle mouse button, then move the pointer. Use the mouse wheel to zoom in and out.

Alternatively, hold the middle mouse button, then press and hold the left mouse button, then move the pointer.

Hold the left mouse button, then move the pointer.

This mode is not based on Autodesk Inventor.

Select Pan Zoom Rotate view
Hand cursor.png Pan cursor.png Zoom cursor.png Rotate cursor.png
Ctrl+Mouse LMB.svg Mouse MMB hold.svg Mouse MMB rotate.svg Mouse MMB+LMB hold.svg Mouse LMB hold.svg
Hold Ctrl, then press the left mouse button over an object you want to select. Hold the middle mouse button, then move the pointer. Use the mouse wheel to zoom in and out.

Alternatively, hold the middle mouse button, then press and hold the left mouse button, then move the pointer.

Hold the left mouse button, then move the pointer.


Navegación de Blender

En la Navegación de Blender, no se puede hacer un encuadre sólo con el ratón. Para hacer un encuadre, debes mantener presionada la tecla SHIFT.

Selección Encuadre Zoom Rotar vista
Hand cursor.png Pan cursor.png Zoom cursor.png Rotate cursor.png
Selección shift+Encuadre o Mouse LMB+RMB.svg Zoom Rotar vista
Presiona el botón izquierdo del ratón sobre el objeto que quieras seleccionar. Mantén presionada la tecla de mayúsculas (shift) y pulsa el botón del medio del ratón, o mantenga presionados los botones Izquierda y Derecha y mueva. Utiliza la rueda del ratón para alejar o acercar la vista. Pulsa y arrastra con el botón del medio del ratón.


Select Pan Zoom Rotate view
Hand cursor.png Pan cursor.png Zoom cursor.png Rotate cursor.png
Mouse LMB.svg Shift+Mouse MMB hold.svg Mouse LMB+RMB hold.svg Mouse MMB rotate.svg Mouse MMB hold.svg
Press the left mouse button over an object you want to select. Hold Shift and the middle mouse button, then move the pointer.

Alternatively, hold both left and right mouse buttons, and then move the pointer.

Use the mouse wheel to zoom in and out. Hold the middle mouse button, then move the pointer.

Alternatively, hold both left and right mouse buttons, and then move the pointer. |Zoom_text=Use the mouse wheel to zoom in and out. |Rotate_view_text=Hold the middle mouse button, then move the pointer. }}

Navegación Touchpad

En la Navegación Touchpad, ni el barrido, ni el acercamiento, ni la rotación de vista son operaciones exclusivas del ratón (o del touchpad).

Select Pan Zoom Rotate View
Hand cursor.png Pan cursor.png Zoom cursor.png Rotate cursor.png
to Select shift+to Pan PgUp / PgDn alt+to Rotate
Press the left mouse button over an object you want to select. Hold shift and move the object around. Use PgUp and PgDn to zoom in and out. Hold alt and move the pointer.
or or
shift+ctrl+to Zoom shift+ctrl+to ROtate
Hold down both the shift and the ctrl keys, press the left mouse button, and move the pointer. Hold down both the shift and the ctrl keys and move the pointer.


Select Pan Zoom Rotate view
Hand cursor.png Pan cursor.png Zoom cursor.png Rotate cursor.png
Touchpad LB.svg Shift+Touchpad.svg PageUp, PageDown Alt+Touchpad.svg
Press the left mouse button over an object you want to select. Hold Shift, then move the pointer. Use PageUp and PageDown to zoom in and out. Hold Alt, then move the pointer.
Shift+Ctrl+Touchpad.svg Shift+Touchpad LB hold.svg
Alternatively, hold Shift and Ctrl, then move the pointer. Alternatively, hold Shift and the left button, then move the pointer.

Gesture Navigation (v0.16)

This navigation style was tailored for usability with touchscreen and pen, but is very usable with mouse too.

Select Pan Zoom Rotate view Tilt view
Hand cursor.png Pan cursor.png Zoom cursor.png Rotate cursor.png Rotate cursor.png
Mouse LMB.svg Mouse RMB hold.svg Mouse MMB rotate.svg Mouse LMB hold.svg Mouse LMB+RMB hold.svg
Press the left mouse button over an object you want to select. Hold the right mouse button, then move the pointer. Use the mouse wheel to zoom in and out. Hold the left mouse button, then move the pointer.

In Sketcher and other edit modes, this behavior is disabled. Hold Alt when pressing the mouse button to enter rotation mode.

To set the camera's focus point for rotation, click a point with the middle mouse button. Alternatively, aim the cursor at a point and press H on the keyboard.

Hold both left and right mouse buttons, and then move the pointer sideways.
Touch Tap.svg Touch Two-Finger-Drag.svg Touch Tap-Hold-Drag.svg Touch Pinch.svg Touch One-Finger-Drag.svg Touch Rotate.svg
Tap to select. Drag with two fingers.

Alternatively, tap and hold, then drag. This simulates the pan with the right mouse button.

Drag two fingers (pinch) closer or farther apart. Drag with one finger to rotate.

Hold Alt when in the Sketcher.

Rotate the imaginary line formed by two touch points.

On v0.18 this method is disabled by default. To enable, go to Edit → Preferences → Display, and untick "Disable touchscreen tilt gesture" checkbox.

Alternatively, tap and hold, then drag. This simulates the pan with the right mouse button. |Zoom_text=Use the mouse wheel to zoom in and out. |Zoom_gesture_text=Drag two fingers (pinch) closer or farther apart. |Rotate_view_text=Hold the left mouse button, then move the pointer. In Sketcher and other edit modes, this behavior is disabled. Hold Alt when pressing the mouse button to enter rotation mode.

To set the camera's focus point for rotation, click a point with the middle mouse button. Alternatively, aim the cursor at a point and press H on the keyboard. |Rotate_view_gesture_text=Drag with one finger to rotate.

Hold Alt when in the Sketcher. |Tilt_view_text=Hold both left and right mouse buttons, then move the pointer sideways. |Tilt_view_gesture_text=Rotate the imaginary line formed by two touch points.

On v0.18 this method is disabled by default. To enable, go to Edit → Preferences → Display, and untick "Disable touchscreen tilt gesture" checkbox. }}

Maya-Gesture Navigation

In Maya-Gesture Navigation, all view movements are activated pressing ALT and a mouse button, so that it will be needed to have a 3 button mouse in order to correctly use this navigation mode. Alternately it's possible to use gestures as this mode was been developed over the normal Gesture Navigation mode.

Select Pan Zoom Rotate view
Hand cursor.png Pan cursor.png Zoom cursor.png Rotate cursor.png
Mouse LMB.svg Alt+Mouse MMB hold.svg Alt+Mouse RMB hold.svg Mouse MMB rotate.svg Alt+Mouse LMB hold.svg
Press the left mouse button over an object you want to select. Hold Alt and the middle mouse button, then move the pointer. Hold Alt and the right mouse button, then move the pointer.

Alternatively, use the mouse wheel to zoom in and out.

Hold Alt and the left mouse button, then move the pointer.

Alternatively, use the mouse wheel to zoom in and out. |Rotate_view_text=Hold Alt and the left mouse button, then move the pointer. }}


Revit Navigation

This style was introduced in version 0.18.

Select Pan Zoom Rotate view
Hand cursor.png Pan cursor.png Zoom cursor.png Rotate cursor.png
Mouse LMB.svg Mouse MMB hold.svg Mouse LMB+RMB hold.svg Mouse MMB rotate.svg Shift+Mouse MMB hold.svg Mouse MMB+RMB hold.svg


Press the left mouse button over an object you want to select. Hold the middle mouse button, then move the pointer.

Alternatively, hold both left and right mouse buttons, then move the pointer.

Use the mouse wheel to zoom in and out. Hold Shift and the middle mouse button, then move the pointer.

Alternatively, hold the middle mouse button, then press and hold the right mouse button, then move the pointer.


OpenCascade

This style was introduced in version 0.18.

Select Pan Zoom Rotate view
Hand cursor.png Pan cursor.png Zoom cursor.png Rotate cursor.png
Mouse LMB.svg Ctrl+Mouse MMB hold.svg Mouse MMB hold.svg Mouse MMB rotate.svg Ctrl+Mouse LMB hold.svg Ctrl+Mouse RMB hold.svg


Press the left mouse button over an object you want to select. Hold the middle mouse button, then move the pointer. Use the mouse wheel to zoom in and out.

Alternatively, hold Ctrl and the left mouse button, then move the pointer.

Hold Ctrl and the right mouse button, then move the pointer.


Seleccionando objetos

Los objetos pueden seleccionarse mediante un clic con el botón izquierdo del ratón o bien pulsando sobre el objeto en la vista 3D o seleccionándolo en la vista en árbol.

También hay un mecanismo de preselección que resalta los tobjetos y muestra información de ellos antes de seleccionarlos con sólo pasar el ratón sobre ellos. Si no te gusta ese comportamiento o si tienes una máquina lenta, puedes desactivar la opción de preselección en el menú de preferencias.

Manipulación de Objetos

FreeCAD ofrece manipuladores que se pueden utilizar para modificar un objeto o su aspecto visual.

Un ejemplo sencillo es el plano de recorte, que se puede activar con el menú Ver --> Plano de recorte.

Soporte de Hardware

FreeCAD también soporta algún Dispositivo de entrada 3D.

Problemas en Mac OS X

Recientemente hemos recibido reportes en el foro de usuarios Mac que esas combinaciones de ratón y tecla no funcionan como se espera. Desafortunadamente, ninguno de los desarrolladores posee una Mac, tampoco otros contribuidores regulares. Necesitamos de tu ayuda para determinar que combinaciones de ratón y tecla funcionan para poder actualizar este wiki.