Установка

From FreeCAD Documentation
Jump to: navigation, search
This page is a translated version of the page Installing and the translation is 35% complete.

Outdated translations are marked like this.
Other languages:
български • ‎čeština • ‎Deutsch • ‎English • ‎español • ‎français • ‎hrvatski • ‎Bahasa Indonesia • ‎italiano • ‎português • ‎português do Brasil • ‎română • ‎русский • ‎svenska • ‎中文(中国大陆)‎


Выберите свою операционную систему

FreeCAD это по-настоящему мультиплатформенное приложение, разработанное с использованием всемирно известного инструментария Qt. Это значит, что FreeCAD выглядит и действует одинаково в Windows, Linux и Mac. Однако процедура установки слегка отличается в различных операционных системах. Выберите свою операционную систему ниже для уточнения способа установки FreeCAD.

'Windows' 'Linux' 'Mac'
Установка в Windows Установка в Linux/Unix Установка в Mac

Установка дополнительных элементов

Кроме стандартных верстаков, привязанных к FreeCAD, есть растущая коллекция полезных дополнительных верстаков и модулей, созданных сообществом и доступных в сети. Сейчас расширяется работа, чтобы показывать их и сделать их вам доступными удобным способом. Они перечислены ниже

Поскольку эти верстаки не являются частью официального пакета FreeCAD и не поддерживаются его командой, перед установкой Вам следует читать информацию на странице дополнения, чтобы понимать, что Вы получаете. Сообщения об ошибках и предложения по улучшению так же должны направляться на страницу дополнения.

Репозиторий дополнений FreeCAD

Это собрание полезных верстаков, используя систему субмодулей git, которая позволяет сохранять постоянно обновляемое содержание. Репозиторий дополнений FreeCAD находится по адресу https://github.com/FreeCAD/FreeCAD-addons . В этом хранилище доступен макрос, который может быть вызван из FreeCAD, который может автоматически показать список, загрузить и установить любое дополнение. Для установки макроса установщика:

With older version of FreeCAD, to install the installer macro:

  1. Нажмите правой кнопкой мыши на addons_installer.FCMacro и выберите Save as...
  2. Поместите загруженный макрос в каталог Расположение пользовательских макросов. Его можно посмотреть, выбрав пункт меню Макро -> Макрос...:

Macro installer 01.jpg

  1. Перезагрузите FreeCAD. Дополнение теперь будет перечислено в меню Макро -> Макрос... и может быть запущен, выделив его и нажав кнопку Выполнить:

Macro installer 02.jpg

Дополнение pluginloader

Дополнение pluginloader это более сложный способ установки и управления дополнения FreeCAD. Установите его указанным выше способом или следуйте инструкциям на странице pluginloader.

Ручная установка

Внешние верстаки, если они полностью написаны на python (что верно для всех их на момент написания этого текста) всегда легко могут быть установлены просто загрузкой их (обычно кликнув кнопку *Download ZIP** сверху страницы дополнения, если он находится на github), поместив их в пользовательскую папку FreeCAD/Mod (или папку макросов, если это макрос). Смотрите полную инструкцию на соответствующей странице дополнения.

Примечания для пользователей 32-битных систем и FreeCAD 0.16.6706

После попытки установки дополнительные верстаки могут быть недоступны. В этом случае

External software supported by FreeCAD

FreeCAD supports a whole lot of external software packages out of the box. This means, you just need to install the software and it will be automatically available, the next time you start it. There's no need to recompile it. This section aims to provide a list of all such software packages, together with some information of where it's used in FreeCAD and where you can grab them.

CAD Exchanger

A proprietary, closed source application for exchanging various file formats used in CAD. You can use it to convert proprietary, closed formats into a format which is accessible by FreeCAD. The homepage is at https://cadexchanger.com/ where you can download an evaluation version or purchase a license for the application.

CalculiX

CalculiX is a suite of two finite element packages. One, CalculiX GraphiX, or calculix-cgx, is a GUI frontend to display the results of the second package, CalculiX CrunchiX, or calculix-ccx, a FEM solver. Only the latter one is supported by FreeCAD. It can be accessed from the FEM Workbench through Solve->Solver CalculiX. There's a standard and experimental solver supported by FreeCAD. CalculiX can be downloaded from http://calculix.de

DXF Importer

FreeCAD has a native importer and exporter for DXF files, programmed in C++. Currently this importer does not implement all features of the DXF format. If you rely on a not yet implemented feature, you enable an older python based importer/exporter through Edit->Preferences->Import-Export by activating the Use legacy python importer option. You can then choose to let FreeCAD automatically download the needed files or you can grab them from https://github.com/yorikvanhavre/Draft-dxf-importer. The chosen importer / exporter is used by selecting File->Import or File->Export and choosing the AutoDesk DXF 2D file format.

Elmer

Elmer is a multiphysical simulation software, which was open sourced in 2005. In FreeCAD its Grid and Solver modules can be used by the FEM workbench through Solve->Solver Elmer. The projects homepage is at https://www.elmerfem.org and it can be downloaded from GitHub at https://github.com/ElmerCSC/elmerfem/releases.

FEniCS

FEniCS is a computing platform to solve partial differential equations (PDEs), which are widely used when solving FEM problems. As such it can be used by the FEM workbench. FreeCAD can import and export FEniCS meshes through File->Import and File->Export by selecting the FEM mesh fenics file format. The homepage of FEniCS is at https://fenicsproject.org.

GitPython

A python library which is used to interact with Git repositories. The feature is currently in development status in FreeCAD. The Addon Manager can use this library to import addons from a Git repository. The project is hosted on GitHub at https://github.com/gitpython-developers/GitPython.

Gmsh

A 3D automatic finite element mesh generator. It can be used in FreeCAD from the FEM workbench through Mesh->FEM mesh from shape by gmsh. The homepage of gmsh is at http://www.geuz.org/gmsh

GraphViz

GraphViz is an open source graph visualization software. In FreeCAD it is used to generate dependency graphs through Tools->Dependency Graph... Its homepage is at https://www.graphviz.org

ifcOpenShell

IfcOpenShell is a library for working with the Industry Foundation Classes (IFC) file format used in architectural design. It can be accessed from the arch workbench through Arch->Utilities->Ifc Explorer. It's homepage is at http://ifcopenshell.org

LuxCoreRender

LuxCoreRender aka LuxRender is one of two currently supported render engines in FreeCAD. It is used through the workflow on the raytracing workbench. Currently only the old and abandoned LuxRender-1.x is supported by FreeCAD. If you want help to update to the new LuxCoreRender-2, you might want to get in touch with the Raytracing_project team. Downloads for LuxRender-1.6 can be grabbed from the LuxCoreRender GitHub release page at https://github.com/LuxCoreRender/LuxCore/releases. The homepage for the current LuxCoreRender project is at https://www.luxcorerender.org.

ODA File Converter

The ODA file converter is a proprietary, closed source, binary and freely available application to import and export DWG and DXF file formats. In FreeCAD it can be used from the File->Import and File->Export menus, when you select the AutoDesk DWG 2D file type. It can be downloaded from https://www.opendesign.com/guestfiles/oda_file_converter.

OpenCAMLib

An open source library aiming to provide computer aided manufacturing (CAM) algorithms. It is used in FreeCAD in the path workbench. Its homepage is at http://www.anderswallin.net/CAM/.

OpenFOAM

A library for Field Operation and Manipulation (FOAM), which is needed by Computational Fluid Dynamics (CFD) simulations. As such, OpenFOAM is needed by the FEM workbench of FreeCAD. You can access it through the Model->Fluid constraints submenu. The project resides at https://openfoam.org.

OpenSCAD

The Programmers Solid 3D CAD Modeller is another CAD software, based on Constructive Solid Geometry (CSG). This means, it can not handle meshes, but operates exclusively on solid geometry. FreeCAD can import and export files created from OpenSCAD through the File->Import and File->Export menus by the selecting the OpenSCAD CSG format or the OpenSCAD format file types. You can get OpenSCAD from https://www.openscad.org.

POVRay

POVRay is well-known raytracer which can render photorealistic images. It is one of two raytracers currently supported by FreeCAD in the raytracing workbench. Its usage is described on the raytracing module page. You can download POVRay from https://www.povray.org.

pycollada

Pycollada aka python-collada is a python library to read and write COLLADA documents, a standard for exchanging 3D scenes and elements. If it is installed you can im- and export scenes to and from COLLADA files through the File->Import and File->Export commands by selecting the COLLADA file type. The project is hosted through GitHub at https://pycollada.github.io/ and you can download the releases at https://github.com/pycollada/pycollada/releases/

Z88

Z88 is another FEM program, containing a mesher, solver and converters, which can be used by FreeCAD's FEM workbench. It can be accessed through Solve-Solver Z88. Z88 distributes several packages, which all freely available, but are closed source. The Z88OS however, published under an open source license, is what is needed by FreeCAD. The homepage is at https://en.z88.de/. Z88OS is also hosted on GitHub at https://github.com/LSCAD/Z88OS if you want to compile it yourself.