FEM Mesh

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Create a FE mesh

Finite element analysis (FEA) is performed on a mesh composed of multiple triangular and quadrilateral finite elements that subdivide an original body. The more refined the mesh is, the more accurate the numerical results will be, but also the computation time will be larger. A balance between the size of the mesh, and computation time and accuracy of results is an important characteristic of a well defined finite element analysis.

There are different possibilities to set up a mesh in the FEM Workbench:

  • The Gmsh tool from the graphical user interface.
  • The Netgen tool from the graphical user interface.
  • Importing a mesh from another program. In particular, Gmsh and Netgen can be used by themselves outside of FreeCAD to mesh solid bodies like Step files.
  • Manually creating the mesh through Python scripting.

The Gmsh and Netgen tools support meshing bodies created with the Part and PartDesign Workbenches, as well as simple copies of those solids. In general, any workbench that generates solid objects, like the Arch Workbench, can be used as the basis from which to create meshes. Notice that a mesh used for FEA is different from a mesh created or imported from the Mesh Workbench.

FEM Workbench workflow.svg

The FEM Workbench calls the external tool Gmsh to obtain a mesh from a solid body created with any workbench in FreeCAD; it can also import a mesh created externally


FEM Mesh.png

(1) Solid body created with PartDesign; (2) mesh produced by the Gmsh tool inside the FEM Workbench (all triangles); and (3) mesh produced externally by Gmsh, exported to Abaqus format .inp, and then imported into FreeCAD (all quadrangles)


The Gmsh and Netgen tools are convenience tools to quickly mesh a body, and thus don't expose the full capabilities of these programs; they normally create triangular meshes, which may not be ideal for some types of analysis. If you'd like to have more control of the created mesh (use only quadrilaterals, precise element number and size, variable resolution of the mesh, etc.), you should use these programs externally, produce a mesh file in a supported format (.inp, .unv, .vtk, .z88), and import this file into FreeCAD.

Previously, Netgen was included with FreeCAD and could be used immediately. Now, both Netgen and Gmsh should be installed before they can be used by the FEM Workbench. Refer to FEM Install for instructions.

Meshing software

Meshing software operates on solid bodies that can be in different formats, like Step and Brep. These programs can be used independently of FreeCAD, and typically have many options to control the meshing algorithms, element size, and boundary conditions.

The FEM Workbench has developed simple communication interfaces to use Gmsh and Netgen directly inside FreeCAD. Other programs don't have an interface, but this could change in the future if there is interest from the community, and if those applications are easy to integrate. The meshing software can be compiled and distributed together with FreeCAD only if its license is compatible with the GPL2 or LGPL2 licenses; otherwise, the program has to be used as an external binary, like Gmsh is used.

Interface implemented in FreeCAD

No interface in FreeCAD

Mesh elements in FreeCAD

FreeCAD supports various element types. The following article explains the difference between them, and when should be used: Meshing Your Geometry: When to Use the Various Element Types.

Import and export of mesh elements
Element Element FreeCAD API FreeCAD GUI med unv inp frd txt xml
Med CalculiX Python FEM Mesh SMESH IDEAS/FreeCAD Abaqus/CalculiX Result Mesh Z88 Fenics
Name Name create elements view elements import/export import/export import/export import import/export import/export
seg 2 B31 Edit OK.svg Edit OK.svg Edit OK.svg Edit OK.svg Edit OK.svg Edit OK.svg Edit OK.svg Edit OK.svg
seg 3 B32 Edit OK.svg Edit OK.svg Edit OK.svg Edit OK.svg Edit OK.svg Edit OK.svg NI Edit Cancel.svg
tria 3 S3 Edit OK.svg Edit OK.svg Edit OK.svg Edit OK.svg Edit OK.svg Edit OK.svg Edit Cancel.svg Edit OK.svg
tria 6 S6 Edit OK.svg Edit OK.svg Edit OK.svg Edit OK.svg Edit OK.svg Edit OK.svg Edit OK.svg Edit Cancel.svg
quad 4 S4 Edit OK.svg Edit OK.svg Edit OK.svg Edit OK.svg Edit OK.svg Edit OK.svg Edit Cancel.svg Edit OK.svg
quad 8 S8 Edit OK.svg Edit OK.svg Edit OK.svg Edit OK.svg Edit OK.svg Edit OK.svg Edit OK.svg Edit Cancel.svg
tetra 4 C3D4 Edit OK.svg Edit OK.svg Edit OK.svg Edit OK.svg Edit OK.svg Edit OK.svg Edit OK.svg Edit OK.svg
tetra 10 C3D10 Edit OK.svg Edit OK.svg Edit OK.svg Edit OK.svg Edit OK.svg Edit OK.svg Edit OK.svg Edit Cancel.svg
hexa 8 C3D8 Edit OK.svg Edit OK.svg Edit OK.svg Edit OK.svg Edit OK.svg Edit OK.svg Edit OK.svg (Edit Cancel.svg) the format allows it,
but it's not readable or writable by fenics
hexa 20 C3D20 Edit OK.svg Edit OK.svg Edit OK.svg Edit OK.svg Edit OK.svg Edit OK.svg Edit OK.svg Edit Cancel.svg
penta 6 C3D6 Edit OK.svg Edit OK.svg Edit OK.svg Edit OK.svg Edit OK.svg Edit OK.svg  ? Edit Cancel.svg
penta 15 C3D15 Edit OK.svg Edit OK.svg Edit OK.svg Edit OK.svg Edit OK.svg Edit OK.svg  ? Edit Cancel.svg
pyra 5 Edit Cancel.svg Edit OK.svg Edit OK.svg Edit OK.svg Edit Cancel.svg Edit Cancel.svg Edit Cancel.svg Edit Cancel.svg Edit Cancel.svg
pyra 13 Edit Cancel.svg Edit OK.svg Edit OK.svg Edit OK.svg Edit Cancel.svg Edit Cancel.svg Edit Cancel.svg Edit Cancel.svg Edit Cancel.svg
  • "NI" means the element type is not implemented in FreeCAD but the format would support it.
  • Edit Cancel.svg "-" means the format specification does not support this element type, thus FreeCAD cannot support it.
  • "?" means it is not known if the format supports this element type.

FEM element types

More information on the elements, and their data structure inside FreeCAD can be found in FEM Element Types.

Segment element

FEM mesh elements 1 segment.svg

Triangle element

FEM mesh elements 2 triangle.svg

Quadrangle element

FEM mesh elements 3 quadrangle.svg

Tetrahedron element

FEM mesh elements 4 tetrahedron.svg

Hexahedron element

FEM mesh elements 5 hexahedron.svg

Pentahedron element (prism)

FEM mesh elements 6 pentahedron.svg

Pyramid element

FEM mesh elements 7 pyramid.svg

Scripting

Create a FEM mesh completely in Python

See also: FreeCAD Scripting Basics.

The Python API allows the user to define a finite element mesh by directly adding individual nodes, and defining edges, faces, and volumes.

The mesh itself is of type Fem::FemMesh, which needs to be attached to a proper document object of type Fem::FemMeshObject.

App.ActiveDocument.Mesh_object.TypeId = Fem::FemMeshObject
                              .
                              .
                              .FemMesh.TypeId = Fem::FemMesh

Creating a mesh with one Tet-10 element

Create an empty FemMesh, populate it with nodes, create the volume, and finally call Fem.show() to create the document object with the corresponding mesh.

import FreeCAD, Fem

m = Fem.FemMesh()

m.addNode(0,    1,    0)
m.addNode(0,    0,    1)
m.addNode(1,    0,    0)
m.addNode(0,    0,    0)
m.addNode(0,    0.5,  0.5)
m.addNode(0.5,  0.03, 0.5)
m.addNode(0.5,  0.5,  0.03)
m.addNode(0,    0.5,  0)
m.addNode(0.03, 0,    0.5)
m.addNode(0.5,  0,    0)

m.addVolume([1,2,3,4,5,6,7,8,9,10])
Fem.show(m)
obj = FreeCAD.ActiveDocument.ActiveObject

If you want to have predefined node and element numbering, pass the appropriate ID to the node and volume methods.

To create an actual document object, instead of Fem.show() you can also use the document addObject() method; then attach the created mesh to this object's FemMesh attribute.

a = Fem.FemMesh()

a.addNode(0,    1,    0,    1)
a.addNode(0,    0,    1,    2)
a.addNode(1,    0,    0,    3)
a.addNode(0,    0,    0,    4)
a.addNode(0,    0.5,  0.5,  5)
a.addNode(0.5,  0.03, 0.5,  6)
a.addNode(0.5,  0.5,  0.03, 7)
a.addNode(0,    0.5,  0,    8)
a.addNode(0.03, 0,    0.5,  9)
a.addNode(0.5,  0,    0,   10)

a.addVolume([1,2,3,4,5,6,7,8,9,10], 1)
obj_2 = FreeCAD.ActiveDocument.addObject("Fem::FemMeshObject")
obj_2.Placement.Base = FreeCAD.Vector(2, 0, 0)
obj_2.FemMesh = a

Visual properties

Once a FemMesh object has been created with Fem.show(), some of its visual properties can be changed by modifying the different attributes of its ViewObject. This can be useful to postprocess the mesh after a finite element solution has been obtained.

Highlight some nodes in the mesh

Fem.show(m)
obj = FreeCAD.ActiveDocument.ActiveObject

obj.ViewObject.HighlightedNodes = [1, 2, 3]

The individual elements of a mesh can be modified by passing a dictionary with the appropriate key:value pairs.

Set volume 1 to red

obj.ViewObject.ElementColor = {1:(1,0,0)}

Set nodes 1, 2 and 3 to a certain color; the faces between the nodes acquire an interpolated color

obj.ViewObject.NodeColor = {1:(1,0,0), 2:(0,1,0), 3:(0,0,1)}

Displace the nodes 1 and 2 by the magnitude and direction defined by a vector

obj.ViewObject.NodeDisplacement = {1:FreeCAD.Vector(0,1,0), 2:FreeCAD.Vector(1,0,0)}

Double the factor of the displacement shown (Note to editors: removed in newer versions?)

obj.ViewObject.animate(2.0)

Scripting examples of each supported element type

Beam, 2 node line, seg2 (linear)

import Fem

seg2 = Fem.FemMesh()
seg2.addNode( 0, 0, 0, 1)
seg2.addNode(10, 0, 0, 2)
seg2.addEdge(1, 2)
print(seg2)

obj = FreeCAD.ActiveDocument.addObject("Fem::FemMeshObject", "seg2")
obj.FemMesh = seg2
obj.Placement.Base = FreeCAD.Vector(0, 110, 0)
obj.ViewObject.DisplayMode = "Faces, Wireframe & Nodes"

Beam, 3 node line, seg3 (quadratic)

import Fem

seg3 = Fem.FemMesh()
seg3.addNode( 0, 0, 0, 1)
seg3.addNode(10, 0, 0, 2)
seg3.addNode( 5, 0, 0, 3)
seg3.addEdge([1, 2, 3])
print(seg3)

obj = App.ActiveDocument.addObject("Fem::FemMeshObject", "seg3")
obj.FemMesh = seg3
obj.Placement.Base = FreeCAD.Vector(30, 110, 0)
obj.ViewObject.DisplayMode = "Faces, Wireframe & Nodes"

Shell, 3 node triangle, tria3 (linear)

import Fem

tria3 = Fem.FemMesh()
tria3.addNode( 0,  0, 0, 1)
tria3.addNode( 6, 12, 0, 2)
tria3.addNode(12,  0, 0, 3)
tria3.addFace([1, 2, 3])
print(tria3)

obj = App.ActiveDocument.addObject("Fem::FemMeshObject", "tria3")
obj.FemMesh = tria3
obj.Placement.Base = FreeCAD.Vector(0, 80, 0)
obj.ViewObject.DisplayMode = "Faces, Wireframe & Nodes"
obj.ViewObject.BackfaceCulling = False

Add a face with the element number.

elemtria3 = Fem.FemMesh()
nodes = tria3.Nodes
for n in nodes:
    elemtria3.addNode(nodes[n].x, nodes[n].y, nodes[n].z, n)

elemtria3.addFace([1, 2, 3], 88)

obj = App.ActiveDocument.addObject("Fem::FemMeshObject", "elemtria3")
obj.FemMesh = elemtria3
obj.Placement.Base = FreeCAD.Vector(200, 80, 0)
obj.ViewObject.DisplayMode = "Faces, Wireframe & Nodes"
obj.ViewObject.BackfaceCulling = False
print(elemtria3.Faces)

Shell, 6 node triangle, tria6 (quadratic)

import Fem

tria6 = Fem.FemMesh()
tria6.addNode( 0,  0, 0, 1)
tria6.addNode( 6, 12, 0, 2)
tria6.addNode(12,  0, 0, 3)
tria6.addNode( 3,  6, 0, 4)
tria6.addNode( 9,  6, 0, 5)
tria6.addNode( 6,  0, 0, 6)
tria6.addFace([1, 2, 3, 4, 5, 6])
print(tria6)

obj = App.ActiveDocument.addObject("Fem::FemMeshObject", "tria6")
obj.FemMesh = tria6
obj.Placement.Base = FreeCAD.Vector(30, 80, 0)
obj.ViewObject.DisplayMode = "Faces, Wireframe & Nodes"
obj.ViewObject.BackfaceCulling = False

Add a face with the element number.

elemtria6 = Fem.FemMesh()
nodes = tria6.Nodes
for n in nodes:
    elemtria6.addNode(nodes[n].x, nodes[n].y, nodes[n].z, n)

elemtria6.addFace([1, 2, 3, 4, 5, 6], 88)
obj = App.ActiveDocument.addObject("Fem::FemMeshObject", "elemtria6")
obj.FemMesh = elemtria6
obj.Placement.Base = FreeCAD.Vector(230, 80, 0)
obj.ViewObject.DisplayMode = "Faces, Wireframe & Nodes"
obj.ViewObject.BackfaceCulling = False
print(elemtria6.Faces)

Shell, 4 node quadrangle, quad4 (linear)

import Fem

quad4 = Fem.FemMesh()
quad4.addNode( 0, 10, 0, 1)
quad4.addNode(10, 10, 0, 2)
quad4.addNode(10,  0, 0, 3)
quad4.addNode( 0,  0, 0, 4)
quad4.addFace([1, 2, 3, 4])
print(quad4)

obj = FreeCAD.ActiveDocument.addObject("Fem::FemMeshObject", "quad4")
obj.FemMesh = quad4
obj.Placement.Base = FreeCAD.Vector(60, 80, 0)
obj.ViewObject.DisplayMode = "Faces, Wireframe & Nodes"
obj.ViewObject.BackfaceCulling = False

Add a face with the element number.

elemquad4 = Fem.FemMesh()
nodes = quad4.Nodes
for n in nodes:
    elemquad4.addNode(nodes[n].x, nodes[n].y, nodes[n].z, n)

elemquad4.addFace([1, 2, 3, 4], 88)
obj = App.ActiveDocument.addObject("Fem::FemMeshObject", "elemquad4")
obj.FemMesh = elemquad4
obj.Placement.Base = FreeCAD.Vector(260, 80, 0)
obj.ViewObject.DisplayMode = "Faces, Wireframe & Nodes"
obj.ViewObject.BackfaceCulling = False
print(elemquad4.Faces)

Shell, 8 node quadrangle, quad8 (quadratic)

import Fem

quad8 = Fem.FemMesh()
quad8.addNode( 0, 10, 0, 1)
quad8.addNode(10, 10, 0, 2)
quad8.addNode(10,  0, 0, 3)
quad8.addNode( 0,  0, 0, 4)
quad8.addNode( 5, 10, 0, 5)
quad8.addNode(10,  5, 0, 6)
quad8.addNode( 5,  0, 0, 7)
quad8.addNode( 0,  5, 0, 8)
quad8.addFace([1, 2, 3, 4, 5, 6, 7, 8])
print(quad8)

obj = App.ActiveDocument.addObject("Fem::FemMeshObject", "quad8")
obj.FemMesh = quad8
obj.Placement.Base = FreeCAD.Vector(90, 80, 0)
obj.ViewObject.DisplayMode = "Faces, Wireframe & Nodes"
obj.ViewObject.BackfaceCulling = False

Add a face with the element number.

elemquad8 = Fem.FemMesh()
nodes = quad8.Nodes
for n in nodes:
    elemquad8.addNode(nodes[n].x, nodes[n].y, nodes[n].z, n)

elemquad8.addFace([1, 2, 3, 4, 5, 6, 7, 8], 88)
obj = App.ActiveDocument.addObject("Fem::FemMeshObject", "elemquad8")
obj.FemMesh = elemquad8
obj.Placement.Base = FreeCAD.Vector(290, 80, 0)
obj.ViewObject.DisplayMode = "Faces, Wireframe & Nodes"
obj.ViewObject.BackfaceCulling = False
print(elemquad8.Faces)

Volume, 4 node tetrahedron, tetra4 (linear)

import Fem

tetra4 = Fem.FemMesh()
tetra4.addNode( 6, 12, 18, 1)
tetra4.addNode( 0,  0, 18, 2)
tetra4.addNode(12,  0, 18, 3)
tetra4.addNode( 6,  6,  0, 4)
tetra4.addVolume([1, 2, 3, 4])
print(tetra4)

obj = App.ActiveDocument.addObject("Fem::FemMeshObject", "tetra4")
obj.FemMesh = tetra4
obj.Placement.Base = FreeCAD.Vector(0, 50, 0)
obj.ViewObject.DisplayMode = "Faces, Wireframe & Nodes"

Add a volume with the element number.

elemtetra4 = Fem.FemMesh()
nodes = tetra4.Nodes
for n in nodes:
    elemtetra4.addNode(nodes[n].x, nodes[n].y, nodes[n].z, n)

elemtetra4.addVolume([1, 2, 3, 4], 88)
obj = App.ActiveDocument.addObject("Fem::FemMeshObject", "elemtetra4")
obj.FemMesh = elemtetra4
obj.Placement.Base = FreeCAD.Vector(200, 50, 0)
obj.ViewObject.DisplayMode = "Faces, Wireframe & Nodes"
print(elemtetra4.Volumes)

Volume, 10 node tetrahedron, tetra10 (quadratic)

import Fem

tetra10 = Fem.FemMesh()
tetra10.addNode( 6, 12, 18, 1)
tetra10.addNode( 0,  0, 18, 2)
tetra10.addNode(12,  0, 18, 3)
tetra10.addNode( 6,  6,  0, 4)

tetra10.addNode( 3,  6, 18, 5)
tetra10.addNode( 6,  0, 18, 6)
tetra10.addNode( 9,  6, 18, 7)

tetra10.addNode( 6,  9,  9, 8)
tetra10.addNode( 3,  3,  9, 9)
tetra10.addNode( 9,  3,  9,10)
tetra10.addVolume([1, 2, 3, 4, 5, 6, 7, 8, 9, 10])
print(tetra10)

obj = App.ActiveDocument.addObject("Fem::FemMeshObject", "tetra10")
obj.FemMesh = tetra10
obj.Placement.Base = FreeCAD.Vector(30, 50, 0)
obj.ViewObject.DisplayMode = "Faces, Wireframe & Nodes"

Add a volume with the element number.

elemtetra10 = Fem.FemMesh()
nodes = tetra10.Nodes
for n in nodes:
    elemtetra10.addNode(nodes[n].x, nodes[n].y, nodes[n].z, n)

elemtetra10.addVolume([1, 2, 3, 4, 5, 6, 7, 8, 9, 10], 88)
obj = App.ActiveDocument.addObject("Fem::FemMeshObject", "elemtetra10")
obj.FemMesh = elemtetra10
obj.Placement.Base = FreeCAD.Vector(230, 50, 0)
obj.ViewObject.DisplayMode = "Faces, Wireframe & Nodes"
print(elemtetra10.Volumes)

Volume, 8 node hexahedron, hexa8 (linear)

import Fem

hexa8 = Fem.FemMesh()
hexa8.addNode( 0, 10, 10, 1)
hexa8.addNode( 0,  0, 10, 2)
hexa8.addNode(10,  0, 10, 3)
hexa8.addNode(10, 10, 10, 4)
hexa8.addNode( 0, 10,  0, 5)
hexa8.addNode( 0,  0,  0, 6)
hexa8.addNode(10,  0,  0, 7)
hexa8.addNode(10, 10,  0, 8)
hexa8.addVolume([1, 2, 3, 4, 5, 6, 7, 8])
print(hexa8)

obj = App.ActiveDocument.addObject("Fem::FemMeshObject", "hexa8")
obj.FemMesh = hexa8
obj.Placement.Base = FreeCAD.Vector(60, 50, 0)
obj.ViewObject.DisplayMode = "Faces, Wireframe & Nodes"

Add a volume with the element number.

elemhexa8 = Fem.FemMesh()
nodes = hexa8.Nodes
for n in nodes:
    elemhexa8.addNode(nodes[n].x, nodes[n].y, nodes[n].z, n)

elemhexa8.addVolume([1,  2,  3, 4, 5, 6, 7, 8], 88)
obj = App.ActiveDocument.addObject("Fem::FemMeshObject", "elemhexa8")
obj.FemMesh = elemhexa8
obj.Placement.Base = FreeCAD.Vector(260, 50, 0)
obj.ViewObject.DisplayMode = "Faces, Wireframe & Nodes"
print(elemhexa8.Volumes)

Volume, 20 node hexahedron, hexa20 (quadratic)

import Fem

hexa20 = Fem.FemMesh()
hexa20.addNode( 0, 10, 10,  1)
hexa20.addNode( 0,  0, 10,  2)
hexa20.addNode(10,  0, 10,  3)
hexa20.addNode(10, 10, 10,  4)
hexa20.addNode( 0, 10,  0,  5)
hexa20.addNode( 0,  0,  0,  6)
hexa20.addNode(10,  0,  0,  7)
hexa20.addNode(10, 10,  0,  8)

hexa20.addNode( 0,  5, 10,  9)
hexa20.addNode( 5,  0, 10, 10)
hexa20.addNode(10,  5, 10, 11)
hexa20.addNode( 5, 10, 10, 12)

hexa20.addNode( 0,  5,  0, 13)
hexa20.addNode( 5,  0,  0, 14)
hexa20.addNode(10,  5,  0, 15)
hexa20.addNode( 5, 10,  0, 16)

hexa20.addNode( 0, 10,  5, 17)
hexa20.addNode( 0,  0,  5, 18)
hexa20.addNode(10,  0,  5, 19)
hexa20.addNode(10, 10,  5, 20)
hexa20.addVolume([1, 2, 3, 4, 5, 6, 7, 8, 9, 10, 11, 12, 13, 14, 15, 16, 17, 18, 19, 20])
print(hexa20)

obj = App.ActiveDocument.addObject("Fem::FemMeshObject", "hexa20")
obj.FemMesh = hexa20
obj.Placement.Base = FreeCAD.Vector(90, 50, 0)
obj.ViewObject.DisplayMode = "Faces, Wireframe & Nodes"

Add a volume with the element number.

elemhexa20 = Fem.FemMesh()
nodes = hexa20.Nodes
for n in nodes:
    elemhexa20.addNode(nodes[n].x, nodes[n].y, nodes[n].z, n)

elemhexa20.addVolume([1, 2, 3, 4, 5, 6, 7, 8, 9, 10, 11, 12, 13, 14, 15, 16, 17, 18, 19, 20], 88)
obj = App.ActiveDocument.addObject("Fem::FemMeshObject", "elemhexa20")
obj.FemMesh = elemhexa20
obj.Placement.Base = FreeCAD.Vector(290, 50, 0)
obj.ViewObject.DisplayMode = "Faces, Wireframe & Nodes"
print(elemhexa20.Volumes)

Volume, 6 node pentahedron, penta6 (linear)

import Fem

penta6 = Fem.FemMesh()
penta6.addNode(10, 10, 10, 1)
penta6.addNode( 0,  0, 10, 2)
penta6.addNode(20,  0, 10, 3)
penta6.addNode(10, 10,  0, 4)
penta6.addNode( 0,  0,  0, 5)
penta6.addNode(20,  0,  0, 6)
penta6.addVolume([1, 2, 3, 4, 5, 6])
print(penta6)

obj = App.ActiveDocument.addObject("Fem::FemMeshObject", "penta6")
obj.FemMesh = penta6
obj.Placement.Base = FreeCAD.Vector(0, 0, 0)
obj.ViewObject.DisplayMode = "Faces, Wireframe & Nodes"

Add a volume with the element number.

elempenta6 = Fem.FemMesh()
nodes = penta6.Nodes
for n in nodes:
    elempenta6.addNode(nodes[n].x, nodes[n].y, nodes[n].z, n)

elempenta6.addVolume([ 1, 2, 3, 4, 5, 6], 88)
obj = App.ActiveDocument.addObject("Fem::FemMeshObject", "elempenta6")
obj.FemMesh = elempenta6
obj.Placement.Base = FreeCAD.Vector(200, 0, 0)
obj.ViewObject.DisplayMode = "Faces, Wireframe & Nodes"
print(elempenta6.Volumes)

Volume, 15 node pentahedron, penta15 (quadratic)

import Fem

penta15 = Fem.FemMesh()
penta15.addNode(10, 10, 10,  1)
penta15.addNode( 0,  0, 10,  2)
penta15.addNode(20,  0, 10,  3)
penta15.addNode(10, 10,  0,  4)
penta15.addNode( 0,  0,  0,  5)
penta15.addNode(20,  0,  0,  6)

penta15.addNode( 5,  5, 10,  7)
penta15.addNode(10,  0, 10,  8)
penta15.addNode(15,  5, 10,  9)

penta15.addNode( 5,  5,  0, 10)
penta15.addNode(10,  0,  0, 11)
penta15.addNode(15,  5,  0, 12)

penta15.addNode(10, 10,  5, 13)
penta15.addNode( 0,  0,  5, 14)
penta15.addNode(20,  0,  5, 15)
penta15.addVolume([1, 2, 3, 4, 5, 6, 7, 8, 9, 10, 11, 12, 13, 14, 15])
print(penta15)

obj = App.ActiveDocument.addObject("Fem::FemMeshObject", "penta15")
obj.FemMesh = penta15
obj.Placement.Base = FreeCAD.Vector(40, 0, 0)
obj.ViewObject.DisplayMode = "Faces, Wireframe & Nodes"

Add a volume with the element number.

elempenta15 = Fem.FemMesh()
nodes = penta15.Nodes
for n in nodes:
    elempenta15.addNode(nodes[n].x, nodes[n].y, nodes[n].z, n)

elempenta15.addVolume([1, 2, 3, 4, 5, 6, 7, 8, 9, 10, 11, 12, 13, 14, 15], 88)
obj = App.ActiveDocument.addObject("Fem::FemMeshObject", "elempenta15")
obj.FemMesh = elempenta15
obj.Placement.Base = FreeCAD.Vector(240, 0, 0)
obj.ViewObject.DisplayMode = "Faces, Wireframe & Nodes"
print(elempenta15.Volumes)

Volume, 5 node pyramid, pyra5 (linear)

import Fem

pyra5 = Fem.FemMesh()
pyra5.addNode( 0, 20,  0, 1)
pyra5.addNode(20, 20,  0, 2)
pyra5.addNode(20,  0,  0, 3)
pyra5.addNode( 0,  0,  0, 4)
pyra5.addNode(10, 10, 10, 5)
pyra5.addVolume([1, 2, 3, 4, 5])
print(pyra5)

obj = App.ActiveDocument.addObject("Fem::FemMeshObject", "pyra5")
obj.FemMesh = pyra5
obj.Placement.Base = FreeCAD.Vector(80, 0, 0)
obj.ViewObject.DisplayMode = "Faces, Wireframe & Nodes"

Add a volume with the element number.

elempyra5 = Fem.FemMesh()
nodes = pyra5.Nodes
for n in nodes:
    elempyra5.addNode(nodes[n].x, nodes[n].y, nodes[n].z, n)

elempyra5.addVolume([1, 2, 3, 4, 5], 88)
obj = App.ActiveDocument.addObject("Fem::FemMeshObject", "elempyra5")
obj.FemMesh = elempyra5
obj.Placement.Base = FreeCAD.Vector(280, 0, 0)
obj.ViewObject.DisplayMode = "Faces, Wireframe & Nodes"
print(elempyra5.Volumes)

Volume, 13 node pyramid, pyra13 (quadratic)

import Fem

pyra13 = Fem.FemMesh()
pyra13.addNode( 0, 20,  0,  1)
pyra13.addNode(20, 20,  0,  2)
pyra13.addNode(20,  0,  0,  3)
pyra13.addNode( 0,  0,  0,  4)
pyra13.addNode(10, 10, 10,  5)

pyra13.addNode(10, 20,  0,  6)
pyra13.addNode(20, 10,  0,  7)
pyra13.addNode(10,  0,  0,  8)
pyra13.addNode( 0, 10,  0,  9)

pyra13.addNode( 5, 15,  5, 10)
pyra13.addNode(15, 15,  5, 11)
pyra13.addNode(15,  5,  5, 12)
pyra13.addNode( 5,  5,  5, 13)
pyra13.addVolume([1, 2, 3, 4, 5, 6, 7, 8, 9, 10, 11, 12, 13])
print(pyra13)

obj = App.ActiveDocument.addObject("Fem::FemMeshObject", "pyra13")
obj.FemMesh = pyra13
obj.Placement.Base = FreeCAD.Vector(120, 0, 0)
obj.ViewObject.DisplayMode = "Faces, Wireframe & Nodes"

Add a volume with the element number.

elempyra13 = Fem.FemMesh()
nodes = pyra13.Nodes
for n in nodes:
    elempyra13.addNode(nodes[n].x, nodes[n].y, nodes[n].z, n)

elempyra13.addVolume([1, 2, 3, 4, 5, 6, 7, 8, 9, 10, 11, 12, 13], 88)
obj = App.ActiveDocument.addObject("Fem::FemMeshObject", "elempyra13")
obj.FemMesh = elempyra13
obj.Placement.Base = FreeCAD.Vector(320, 0, 0)
obj.ViewObject.DisplayMode = "Faces, Wireframe & Nodes"
print(elempyra13.Volumes)