Extra python modules

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This page lists several additional python modules or other pieces of software that can be downloaded freely from the internet, and add functionality to your FreeCAD installation.

PySide (previously PyQt4)

PySide (previously PyQt) is required by several modules of FreeCAD to access FreeCAD's Qt interface. It is already bundled in the windows verison of FreeCAD, and is usually installed automatically by FreeCAD on Linux, when installing from official repositories. If those modules (Draft, Arch, etc) are enabled after FreeCAD is installed, it means PySide (previously PyQt) is already there, and you don't need to do anything more.

Notera: av följande moduler, så är Pivy nu helt integrerad i alla FreeCAD installationspaket, och PyQt4 är också integrerat i Windows installationspaket.

Installation

Linux

The simplest way to install PySide is through your distribution's package manager. On Debian/Ubuntu systems, the package name is generally python-PySide, while on RPM-based systems it is named pyside. The necessary dependencies (Qt and SIP) will be taken care of automatically.

Windows

The program can be downloaded from http://qt-project.org/wiki/Category:LanguageBindings::PySide::Downloads . You'll need to install the Qt and SIP libraries before installing PySide (to be documented).

MacOSX

PyQt on Mac can be installed via homebrew or port. See CompileOnMac#Install_Dependencies for more information.

Usage

Once it is installed, you can check that everything is working by typing in FreeCAD python console:

import PySide

To access the FreeCAD interface, type :

from PySide import QtCore,QtGui
FreeCADWindow = FreeCADGui.getMainWindow()

Now you can start to explore the interface with the dir() command. You can add new elements, like a custom widget, with commands like :

FreeCADWindow.addDockWidget(QtCore.Qt.RghtDockWidgetArea,my_custom_widget)

Working with Unicode :

text = text.encode('utf-8')

Working with QFileDialog and OpenFileName :

path = FreeCAD.ConfigGet("AppHomePath")
#path = FreeCAD.ConfigGet("UserAppData")
OpenName, Filter = PySide.QtGui.QFileDialog.getOpenFileName(None, "Read a txt file", path, "*.txt")

Working with QFileDialog and SaveFileName :

path = FreeCAD.ConfigGet("AppHomePath")
#path = FreeCAD.ConfigGet("UserAppData")
SaveName, Filter = PySide.QtGui.QFileDialog.getSaveFileName(None, "Save a file txt", path, "*.txt")

Example of transition from PyQt4 and PySide

PS: these examples of errors were found in the transition from PyQt4 to PySide and these corrections were made, other solutions are certainly available with the examples above

try:
    import PyQt4                                        # PyQt4
    from PyQt4 import QtGui ,QtCore                     # PyQt4
    from PyQt4.QtGui import QComboBox                   # PyQt4
    from PyQt4.QtGui import QMessageBox                 # PyQt4
    from PyQt4.QtGui import QTableWidget, QApplication  # PyQt4
    from PyQt4.QtGui import *                           # PyQt4
    from PyQt4.QtCore import *                          # PyQt4
except Exception:
    import PySide                                       # PySide
    from PySide import QtGui ,QtCore                    # PySide
    from PySide.QtGui import QComboBox                  # PySide
    from PySide.QtGui import QMessageBox                # PySide
    from PySide.QtGui import QTableWidget, QApplication # PySide
    from PySide.QtGui import *                          # PySide
    from PySide.QtCore import *                         # PySide

To access the FreeCAD interface, type : You can add new elements, like a custom widget, with commands like :

myNewFreeCADWidget = QtGui.QDockWidget()          # create a new dockwidget
myNewFreeCADWidget.ui = Ui_MainWindow()           # myWidget_Ui()             # load the Ui script
myNewFreeCADWidget.ui.setupUi(myNewFreeCADWidget) # setup the ui
try:
    app = QtGui.qApp                              # PyQt4 # the active qt window, = the freecad window since we are inside it
    FCmw = app.activeWindow()                     # PyQt4 # the active qt window, = the freecad window since we are inside it
    FCmw.addDockWidget(QtCore.Qt.RightDockWidgetArea,myNewFreeCADWidget) # add the widget to the main window
except Exception:
    FCmw = FreeCADGui.getMainWindow()             # PySide # the active qt window, = the freecad window since we are inside it 
    FCmw.addDockWidget(QtCore.Qt.RightDockWidgetArea,myNewFreeCADWidget) # add the widget to the main window

Working with Unicode :

try:
    text = unicode(text, 'ISO-8859-1').encode('UTF-8')  # PyQt4
except Exception:
    text = text.encode('utf-8')                         # PySide

Working with QFileDialog and OpenFileName :

OpenName = ""
try:
    OpenName = QFileDialog.getOpenFileName(None,QString.fromLocal8Bit("Lire un fichier FCInfo ou txt"),path,"*.FCInfo *.txt") # PyQt4
except Exception:
    OpenName, Filter = PySide.QtGui.QFileDialog.getOpenFileName(None, "Lire un fichier FCInfo ou txt", path, "*.FCInfo *.txt")#PySide

Working with QFileDialog and SaveFileName :

SaveName = ""
try:
    SaveName = QFileDialog.getSaveFileName(None,QString.fromLocal8Bit("Sauver un fichier FCInfo"),path,"*.FCInfo") # PyQt4
except Exception:
    SaveName, Filter = PySide.QtGui.QFileDialog.getSaveFileName(None, "Sauver un fichier FCInfo", path, "*.FCInfo")# PySide

The MessageBox:

def errorDialog(msg):
    diag = QtGui.QMessageBox(QtGui.QMessageBox.Critical,u"Error Message",msg )
    try:
        diag.setWindowFlags(PyQt4.QtCore.Qt.WindowStaysOnTopHint) # PyQt4 # this function sets the window before
    except Exception:    
        diag.setWindowFlags(PySide.QtCore.Qt.WindowStaysOnTopHint)# PySide # this function sets the window before
#    diag.setWindowModality(QtCore.Qt.ApplicationModal)       # function has been disabled to promote "WindowStaysOnTopHint"
    diag.exec_()

Working with setProperty (PyQt4) and setValue (PySide)

self.doubleSpinBox.setProperty("value", 10.0)  # PyQt4

replace with :

self.doubleSpinBox.setValue(10.0)  # PySide

Working with setToolTip

self.doubleSpinBox.setToolTip(_translate("MainWindow", "Coordinate placement Axis Y", None))  # PyQt4

replace with :

self.doubleSpinBox.setToolTip(_fromUtf8("Coordinate placement Axis Y"))  # PySide

or :

self.doubleSpinBox.setToolTip(u"Coordinate placement Axis Y.")# PySide

Additional documentation

Some pyQt4 tutorials (including how to build interfaces with Qt Designer to use with python):

Pivy

Pivy is a needed by several modules to access the 3D view of FreeCAD. On windows, Pivy is already bundled inside the FreeCAD installer, and on Linux it is usually automatically installed when you install FreeCAD from an official repository. On MacOSX, unfortunately, you will need to compile pivy yourself.

Installation

Prerequisites

I believe before compiling Pivy you will want to have Coin and SoQt installed.

I found for building on Mac it was sufficient to install the Coin3 binary package. Attempting to install coin from MacPorts was problematic: tried to add a lot of X Windows packages and ultimately crashed with a script error.

For Fedora I found an RPM with Coin3.

SoQt compiled from source fine on Mac and Linux.

Debian & Ubuntu

Med början i Debian Squeeze och Ubuntu Lucid, så kommer pivy att finnas tillgängligt direkt från de officiella förråden, vilket sparar mycket krångel. Innan dess, så kan du antingen ladda ned ett av de paket som vi har gjort (för debian och ubuntu karmic) tillgängliga på Nedladdningssidorna, eller så kan du kompilera det själv.

Det bästa sättet att kompilera pivy smidigt är att hämta debians källkodspaket för pivy och göra ett paket med debuild. Det är samma källkod som på den officiella pivysajten, men debianfolket har gjort flera bugg-fixningstillägg. Det kompilerar också bra på ubuntu karmic: http://packages.debian.org/squeeze/python-pivy (ladda ned .orig.gz och .diff.gz file, packa upp båda, tillämpa sedan .diff på källkoden: gå till den uppackade pivy källkodsmappen, och tillämpa .diff patchen:

patch -p1 < ../pivy_0.5.0~svn765-2.diff

sedan

debuild

för att få pivy korrekt byggt till ett officiellt installerbart paket. Sedan så är det bara att installera paketet med gdebi.

Other linux distributions

First get the latest sources from the project's repository:

hg clone http://hg.sim.no/Pivy/default Pivy

As of March 2012, the latest version is Pivy-0.5.

Sedan behöver du ett verktyg som kallas för SWIG för att generera C++ koden för Pythonbindningarna. Det rekommenderas att version 1.3.25 av SWIG används, inte den senaste versionen, därför att pivy för tillfället endast fungerar korrekt med 1.3.25. Ladda ned 1.3.25 source tarball från http://www.swig.org. Packa sedan upp den, och gör som root följande i en konsol:

./configure
make
make install (or checkinstall if you use it)

Det tar bara några sekunder att bygga.

Alternatively, you can try building with a more recent SWIG. As of March 2012, a typical repository version is 2.0.4. Pivy has a minor compile problem with SWIG 2.0.4 on Mac OS (see below) but seems to build fine on Fedora Core 15.

Efter det, gå till pivy källkoden och anropa

python setup.py build

which creates the source files. Note that build can produce thousands of warnings, but hopefully there will be no errors.

viltet skapar källkodsfilerna. Du kan få kompileringsfel där en 'const char*' inte kan konverteras till en 'char*'. För att fixa det så behöver du bara skriva en 'const' innan raderna som orsakade felet.

Det finns sex rader att fixa. Efter det, installera genom att skriva (som root):

python setup.py install (or checkinstall python setup.py install)

Klart! Pivy är installerat.

Mac OS

These instructions may not be complete. Something close to this worked for OS 10.7 as of March 2012. I use MacPorts for repositories, but other options should also work.

As for linux, get the latest source:

hg clone http://hg.sim.no/Pivy/default Pivy

If you don't have hg, you can get it from MacPorts:

port install mercurial

Then, as above you need SWIG. It should be a matter of:

port install swig

I found I needed also:

port install swig-python

As of March 2012, MacPorts SWIG is version 2.0.4. As noted above for linux, you might be better off downloading an older version. SWIG 2.0.4 seems to have a bug that stops Pivy building. See first message in this digest: https://sourceforge.net/mailarchive/message.php?msg_id=28114815

This can be corrected by editing the 2 source locations to add dereferences: *arg4, *arg5 in place of arg4, arg5. Now Pivy should build:

python setup.py build
sudo python setup.py install

Windows

När du använder Visual Studio 2005 eller senare så ska du öppna en kommandoprompt med 'Visual Studio 2005 Command prompt' från Tools menyn. Om du ännu inte har Pythontolken i systemsökvägen, gör

set PATH=path_to_python_2.5;%PATH%

För att få pivy att fungera så ska du hämta den senaste källkoden från projektets förråd:

svn co https://svn.coin3d.org/repos/Pivy/trunk Pivy

Sedan behöver du ett verktyg som kallas för SWIG för att generera C++ koden för Python bindningarna. Det rekommenderas att version 1.3.25 av SWIG används, inte den senaste versionen, därför att pivy för tillfället endast fungerar korrekt med 1.3.25. Ladda ned binärkoden för 1.3.25 från http://www.swig.org. Packa sedan upp den och lägg till den i systemsökvägen från kommandoraden

set PATH=path_to_swig_1.3.25;%PATH%

och ställ in COINDIR till den riktiga sökvägen

set COINDIR=path_to_coin

På Windows så förväntar sig pivys konfigurationsfil SoWin istället för SoQt som standard. Jag har inte hittat en självklart sätt att bygga med SoQt, så Jag modifierade filen setup.py direkt.

Ta på rad 200 bort delen 'sowin' : ('gui._sowin', 'sowin-config', 'pivy.gui.') (ta inte bort den stängande parentesen).

Efter det, gå till pivy källkoden och anropa

python setup.py build

vilket skapar källkodsfilerna. Du kan få kompileringsfel för att flera headerfiler inte kunde hittas. I detta fall så får du justera INCLUDE variabeln

set INCLUDE=%INCLUDE%;path_to_coin_include_dir

och om SoQt headers int är på samma plats som Coin headers så får du också justera

set INCLUDE=%INCLUDE%;path_to_soqt_include_dir

och slutligen Qt headers

set INCLUDE=%INCLUDE%;path_to_qt4\include\Qt

Om du använder Expressutgåvan av Visual Studio så kan du få ett python keyerror undantag.

I detta fall så måste du ändra en del saker i msvccompiler.py som finns i din python installation.

Gå till rad 122 och byt ut raden

vsbase = r"Software\Microsoft\VisualStudio\%0.1f" % version

mot

vsbase = r"Software\Microsoft\VCExpress\%0.1f" % version

Försök sedan igen.

Om du får ett andra fel som

error: Python was built with Visual Studio 2003;...

Så måste du även byta ut rad 128

self.set_macro("FrameworkSDKDir", net, "sdkinstallrootv1.1")

mot

self.set_macro("FrameworkSDKDir", net, "sdkinstallrootv2.0")

Försök igen. Om du åter får ett fel som

error: Python was built with Visual Studio version 8.0, and extensions need to be built with the same version of the compiler, but it isn't installed.

så ska du kontrollera miljövariablerna DISTUTILS_USE_SDK och MSSDK med

echo %DISTUTILS_USE_SDK%
echo %MSSDK%

Om de inte är inställda än, ställ in dem till 1

set DISTUTILS_USE_SDK=1
set MSSDK=1

Nu kan du få kompileringsfel där en 'const char*' inte kan konverteras till en 'char*'. För att fixa det så behöver du bara skriva en 'const' innan raderna som orsakade felet. Det finns sex rader att fixa.

Kopiera sedan den genererade pivykatalogen till en plats där pythontolken i FreeCAD kan hitta den.

Usage

To check if Pivy is correctly installed:

import pivy

För att Pivy ska komma åt FreeCAD scengrafen, gör följande:

from pivy import coin
App.newDocument() # Open a document and a view 
view = Gui.ActiveDocument.ActiveView 
FCSceneGraph = view.getSceneGraph() # returns a pivy Python object that holds a SoSeparator, the main "container" of the Coin scenegraph
FCSceneGraph.addChild(coin.SoCube()) # add a box to scene

Nu kan du utforska FCSceneGraph med dir() kommandot.

Dokumentation

Olyckligtvis så existerar det knappast ännu någon dokumentation om pivy på nätet. Men Coin dokumentationen kan vara användbar, eftersom pivy helt enkelt översätter Coin funktioner, noder och metoder i python, allt behåller samma namn och egenskaper, bara man tänker på syntaxskillnaden mellan C och python:

Du kan också titta på Draft.py filen i FreeCAD Mod/Draft mappen, eftersom den använder pivy mycket.

pyCollada

pyCollada is a python library that allow programs to read and write Collada (*.DAE) files. When pyCollada is installed on your system, FreeCAD will be able to handle importing and exporting in the Collada file format.

Installation

Pycollada is usually not yet available in linux distributions repositories, but since it is made only of python files, it doesn't require compilation, and is easy to install. You have 2 ways, or directly from the official pycollada git repository, or with the easy_install tool.

Linux

In either case, you'll need the following packages already installed on your system:

python-lxml 
python-numpy
python-dateutil
From the git repository
git clone git://github.com/pycollada/pycollada.git pycollada
cd pycollada
sudo python setup.py install
With easy_install

Assuming you have a complete python installation already, the easy_install utility should be present already:

easy_install pycollada

You can check if pycollada was correctly installed by issuing in a python console:

import collada

If it returns nothing (no error message), then all is OK

Windows

On Windows since 0.15 pycollada is included in both the FreeCAD release and developer builds so no additional steps are necessary.

Mac OS

If you are using the Homebrew build of FreeCAD you can install pycollada into your system Python using pip.

If you need to install pip:

$ sudo easy_install pip

Install pycollada:

$ sudo pip install pycollada

If you are using a binary version of FreeCAD, you can tell pip to install pycollada into the site-packages inside FreeCAD.app:

$ pip install --target="/Applications/FreeCAD.app/Contents/lib/python2.7/site-packages" pycollada

or after downloading the pycollada code

$ export PYTHONPATH=/Applications/FreeCAD\ 0.16.6706.app/Contents/lib/python2.7/site-packages:$PYTHONPATH
$ python setup.py install --prefix=/Applications/FreeCAD\ 0.16.6706.app/Contents

IfcOpenShell

IFCOpenShell is a library currently in development, that allows to import (and soon export) Industry foundation Classes (*.IFC) files. IFC is an extension to the STEP format, and is becoming the standard in BIM workflows. When ifcopenshell is correctly installed on your system, the FreeCAD Arch Module will detect it and use it to import IFC files, instead of its built-in rudimentary importer. Since ifcopenshell is based on OpenCasCade, like FreeCAD, the quality of the import is very high, producing high-quality solid geometry.

Installation

Since ifcopenshell is pretty new, you'll likely need to compile it yourself.

Linux

You will need a couple of development packages installed on your system in order to compile ifcopenshell:

liboce-*-dev
python-dev
swig

but since FreeCAD requires all of them too, if you can compile FreeCAD, you won't need any extra dependency to compile IfcOpenShell.

Grab the latest source code from here:

git clone https://github.com/IfcOpenShell/IfcOpenShell.git

The build process is very easy:

mkdir ifcopenshell-build
cd ifcopenshell-build
cmake ../IfcOpenShell/cmake

or, if you are using oce instead of opencascade:

cmake -DOCC_INCLUDE_DIR=/usr/include/oce ../ifcopenshell/cmake

Since ifcopenshell is made primarily for Blender, it uses python3 by default. To use it inside FreeCAD, you need to compile it against the same version of python that is used by FreeCAD. So you might need to force the python version with additional cmake parameters (adjust the python version to yours):

cmake -DOCC_INCLUDE_DIR=/usr/include/oce -DPYTHON_INCLUDE_DIR=/usr/include/python2.7 -DPYTHON_LIBRARY=/usr/lib/python2.7.so ../ifcopenshell/cmake

Then:

make
sudo make install

You can check that ifcopenshell was correctly installed by issuing in a python console:

import ifcopenshell

If it returns nothing (no error message), then all is OK

Windows

Note: Official FreeCAD installers obtained from the FreeCAD website/github page now contain ifcopenshell already.

Copied from the IfcOpenShell README file

Users are advised to use the Visual Studio .sln file in the win/ folder. For Windows users a prebuilt Open CASCADE version is available from the http://opencascade.org website. Download and install this version and provide the paths to the Open CASCADE header and library files to MS Visual Studio C++.

For building the IfcPython wrapper, SWIG needs to be installed. Please download the latest swigwin version from http://www.swig.org/download.html . After extracting the .zip file, please add the extracted folder to the PATH environment variable. Python needs to be installed, please provide the include and library paths to Visual Studio.

Links

Tutorial Import/Export IFC - compiling IfcOpenShell

ODA Converter (previously Teigha Converter)

The ODA Converter is a small freely available utility that allows to convert between several versions of DWG and DXF files. FreeCAD can use it to offer DWG import and export, by converting DWG files to the DXF format under the hood,then using its standard DXF importer to import the file contents. The restrictions of the DXF importer apply.

Installation

On all platforms, only by installing the appropriate package from https://www.opendesign.com/guestfiles/oda_file_converter . After installation, if the utility is not found automatically by FreeCAD, you might need to set the path to the converter executable manually, open Edit → Preferences → Import-Export → DWG and fill "Path to Teigha File Converter" appropriately.