|Draft → Ellipse|
|Introduced in version|
|Draft Circle, Draft Arc|
The Ellipse tool creates an ellipse in the current work plane by entering two points, defining the corners of a rectangular box in which the ellipse will fit. It uses the Draft Linestyle set on the Draft Tray.
This tool can also be used to create elliptical arcs by specifying the start and end angles. To create circles and circular arcs use the Draft Circle and Draft Arc tools. You can also approximate an elliptical or circular arc using the Draft BSpline and Draft BezCurve tools.
Ellipse defined by the rectangle corners
How to use
- Press the button, or press then keys.
- Click a first point on the 3D view, or type a coordinate and press the button.
- Click a second point on the 3D view, or type a coordinate and press the button.
The ellipse can be turned into an elliptical arc after creation, by setting its first angle and last angle properties to different values.
- To enter coordinates manually, simply enter the numbers, then press between each X, Y and Z component. You can press the button when you have the desired values to insert the point.
- Press or click the checkbox to toggle relative mode. If relative mode is on, the coordinates of the second point are relative to the first one; if not, they are absolute, taken from the origin (0,0,0).
- Press or click the checkbox to toggle continue mode. If continue mode is on, the Ellipse tool will restart after you finish the shape, allowing you to draw another one without pressing the tool button again.
- Press DATAMake Face ); if not, the ellipse will not make a face (DATAMake Face ). or click the checkbox to toggle filled mode. If filled mode is on, the ellipse will create a filled face (
- Hold snapping your point to the nearest snap location, independently of the distance. while drawing to force
- Hold constrain your second point horizontally or vertically in relation to the first one. while drawing to
- Press or the button to abort the current command.
An Ellipse object shares many properties with a Draft Circle, but some properties only make sense for the ellipse.
- DATAFirst Angle: specifies the angle of the first point of the ellipse; normally 0°.
- DATALast Angle: specifies the angle of the last point of the ellipse; normally 0°.
- DATAMajor Radius: specifies the major radius of the ellipse.
- DATAMinor Radius: specifies the minor radius of the ellipse.
- If the both radius have the same value, the ellipse looks the same as a Draft Circle.
- DATAMake Face: specifies if the Ellipse makes a face or not. If it is a face is created, otherwise only the perimeter is considered part of the object. This property only works if the shape is a full ellipse.
- For it to be a full ellipse DATAFirst Angle and DATALast Angle should have the same value; otherwise, an elliptical arc is displayed. The values 0° and 360° are considered the same.
- VIEWPattern: specifies a Draft Pattern with which to fill the face of the shape. This property only works if DATAMake Face is , and if VIEWDisplay Mode is "Flat Lines".
- VIEWPattern Size: specifies the size of the Draft Pattern.
Ellipse = makeEllipse(majradius, minradius, placement=None, face=True, support=None)
- Creates an
Ellipseobject with given major (
majradius) and minor (
minradius) radius in millimeters.
- The bigger value will be used for the major radius (X axis) if no other placement is given.
- If a
placementis given, it is used; otherwise the shape is created at the origin.
True, the ellipse will make a face, that is, it will appear filled.
import FreeCAD, Draft Ellipse1 = Draft.makeEllipse(3000, 200) Ellipse2 = Draft.makeEllipse(700, 1000) ZAxis = FreeCAD.Vector(0, 0, 1) p3 = FreeCAD.Vector(1000, 1000, 0) place3 = FreeCAD.Placement(p3, FreeCAD.Rotation(ZAxis, 90)) Ellipse3 = Draft.makeEllipse(700, 1000, placement=place3)