Tutorial de Introducere în TechDraw

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This page is a translated version of the page Basic TechDraw Tutorial and the translation is 17% complete.

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Base ExampleCommandModel.png Tutorial

Topic
Modeling
Level
Beginner
Time to complete
Less than an hour
Author
WandererFan
FreeCAD version
0.17 or higher
Example File(s)
Basic Part Design for v0.17 Sample
Basic TechDraw Tutorial Sample



Acest tutorial introduce noul utilizator la unele dintre instrumentele și tehnicile utilizate în Technical Drawing (TechDraw) Workbench. Acest tutorial nu este un ghid complet și cuprinzător pentru TechDraw Workbench și multe dintre instrumentele și funcționalități nu sunt acoperite. Acest tutorial va duce utilizatorul prin pașii necesari pentru a realiza desene tehnice ale păiesei din Basic Part Design Tutorial.

Înainte de a începe

Descărcați din Part Design tutorial:sample file

Scopul

În acest tutorial, veți folosi TechDraw Workbench pentru a crea un desen 2D al piesei 3D de mai jos. Vom crea mai multe vederi ale piesei și vom adăuga cotele/dimensiunile cheie. Acest tutorial nu va folosi toate funcțiile și instrumentele disponibile în cadrul TechDraw Workbench, dar ar trebui să utilizeze suficient pentru a oferi utilizatorului acestui tutorial o bază fundamentală pe care să-și construiască cunoștințele și abilitățile.

The Part

Tut17 final refined.png

Creating a Drawing

Startup

  • You may wish to adjust your preference settings before beginning. See Note 1.
  • First open the file containing our 3D part. Then make sure you are in the TechDraw Workbench.
  • You will be selecting items in the Drawing window and/or the Combo panel. Selection in TechDraw works the same as in the 3D window. Items turn yellow when the cursor is in position to select them and turn green when selected. To select multiple items use the Ctrl key while clicking.

Views and Dimensions

All work in TechDraw begins with a Page. Pages are based on Templates and contain Views.

  1. Click on TechDraw New Default.png New Page from default Template to create a new Page.
  2. Click on Body in the 3D window or in the Combo view.
  3. Click on Techdraw-view.png Create new View. This will add the View to the page we just created.

Now we have a View on the Page looking down at the top of the Body. It is a little small, though.

TDTut TopView1to1.png
  1. Select Page in the Combo view and scroll to the Scale property on the Data tab.
  2. Change the Scale from 1 to 2 and press Enter. The View will get bigger.
  3. Drag the View away from the documentation block in the bottom right of the page.
TDTut TopView2to1.png

Better, but a little boring. Let's add some Dimensions.

  1. Select (LMB) the top-left Vertex (small dot), then also select (Ctl-LMB) on the bottom-left vertex.
  2. Click on TechDraw Dimension Vertical.png New Vertical Dimension. Drag the dimension text away from the Body.
  3. Try that again with the top-left and top-right Vertices and TechDraw Dimension Horizontal.png New Horizontal Dimension.
TDTut TopView2Dims.png

Editable Text

We should add some documentation to our drawing.

  1. Click on the small green square beside Title in the documentation block. You'll get a pop-up window where you can change Title to something more meaningful.
  2. Just for practice, put your name in the Designed by Name field the same way.
TDTut DocBlock.png

Getting better. Let's add some text to the page.

  1. Click on Techdraw-annotation.png New Annotation. A text block will appear in the middle of the page.
  2. Drag the text block away from the main View.
  3. Click on Annotation in the Combo view and scroll to the Text property on the Data tab.
  4. Click in the data area, the click on the ellipsis at the right of the field. You'll get a pop-up window where you can change the text to something more meaningful.
TDTut Annotation.png

Before we leave this Page, let's see what it will look like when we print it.

  1. Click on TechDraw Toggle.png Toggle Frames. The Vertices and View frames will disappear. You can get them back by clicking Toggle again.
TDTut Toggle.png



Multiple Views of a Single Part

Let's create a multiview drawing using a different Template as a starting point. We'll be using the First Angle convention, but you can change to Third Angle if that is your local convention.

  1. Click on TechDraw New Pick.png New Pick. A file chooser dialog will appear. Select a template file. We're going to use "ANSIB.SVG". A new tab will appear.
  2. Select "Body" and "Page001" (if you have more than one page in your document, you need to tell TechDraw which one to use).
  3. Click on Techdraw-projgroup.png New Projection Group. The familiar small view in the middle of the page will appear and a dialog will appear in the Task panel.
  4. Click on several boxes in the Secondary Views section of the dialog.
  5. Drag the View labelled "Front". All the other Views move with it.
  6. Change the Scale drop down box from Page to Custom and change the Custom Scale to 2:1. Press the OK button.
TDTut ProjGroup21.png
  1. In the View labelled "TopLeftFront", select the two Vertices at the extreme ends of the front edge of the work piece.
  2. Click on TechDraw Dimension Length.png New Length. Drag the dimension text away from the Body.

Linking Dimensions to 3D Model

Do you notice a problem with the dimension we just created?

TDTut NewLengthDim.png

From the first part of this tutorial, we know that the work piece is 53 mm wide, but our new dimensions reads 43.27. This is because "TopLeftFront" is an isometric projection, and our first drawing was an orthogonal projection. To get the right value, we need to link our dimension directly to the 3D model.

  1. Note the name of our faulty dimension in the Combo panel. We'll need it in a minute.
  2. Change to the 3D tab and select the Vertices at the ends of the front edge of the work piece. Also select Page001.
  3. Click on TechDraw Dimension Link.png New Links. A dialog will open in the Task panel.
  4. In the dialog, move our dimension from the Available column to the Selected column. Press OK.
  5. Return to Page001. Our dimension should now read the correct value of 53. (if you still see 43.27, you may need to press the Recompute button or drag the dimension value a bit until it changes.)


Going Further

In this tutorial you have learned enough about TechDraw to produce a drawing like this one (by NormandC). See Note 2.

TDTut FC018 TechDraw Dim Iso View 01 NC.png


There is much more functionality in TechDraw for you to explore - Section Views, Detail Views, Svg Symbols, Images, face hatching.

Note

  1. Există un set excelent de preferințe sugerate în acest sens Forum post.
  2. This drawing was produced in v0.18. It shows dimensions in the proper format for an isometric view. In v0.17 the extension lines will be perpendicular to the edge rather than aligned with the axes.

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